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Spremembe na področju graditve objektov, ki jih prinaša Gradbeni zakon
Uršič, Tajda (Author), Pličanič, Senko (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Gradbeni zakon je nadomestil prej veljavni Zakon o graditvi objektov, uporabljati pa se je začel 1. junija 2018. Zakonodajalec je z novim zakonom področje graditve objektov precej predrugačil. Prva pomembnejša novost je ta, da Gradbeni zakon ne vsebuje več določb o poklicnih zbornicah. Zakonodajalec je v novem zakonu drugače definiral nekatere pojme (npr. pojem objekta), poenostavil je postopek pridobivanja tako gradbenega kot tudi uporabnega dovoljenja, pri čemer je slednji po novem pogoj za pridobitev hišne številke. Zakonodajalec se je ponovno odločil taksativno našteti osebe, ki lahko pridobijo status udeleženca v postopku gradnje objekta, uvedel pa je tudi kar nekaj novih institutov. Pred začetkom postopka za pridobitev gradbenega dovoljenja je za zahtevne in manj zahtevne objekte sedaj mogoče pridobiti predodločbo, ki je za pristojni upravni organ zavezujoča. Pridobivanje prejšnjih soglasjih se je prekvalificiralo v pridobivanje mnenj s strani pristojnih mnenjedajalcev, pri čemer je sedaj občina v treh situacijah kar obvezni mnenjedajalec. Novi integralni postopek sedaj združuje postopka za pridobivanje okoljevarstvenega soglasja in gradbenega dovoljenja za objekte z vplivi na okolje, rezultat česar je tudi samo ena končna odločba – gradbeno dovoljenje. Uvedena je nova faza – prijava začetka gradnje, katere namen je predvsem evidentiranje začetih gradenj. Še ena izmed najpomembnejših novosti pa je uvedba treh posebnih postopkov za legalizacijo objektov, izmed katerih je eden namenjen legalizaciji objektov daljšega obstoja (tj. objektov, zgrajenih pred 01.01.1998), druga dva pa sta namenjena legalizaciji nedopustnih gradenj, ki so bila izvedena pred uveljavitvijo tega zakona.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:objekt, predodločba, mnenje, gradbeno dovoljenje, integralni postopek, uporabno dovoljenje, legalizacija
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Organization:PF - Faculty of Law
Year:2019
COBISS.SI-ID:16860241 This link opens in a new window
Views:805
Downloads:290
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Changes in the field of construction introduced by the Building Act
Abstract:
The Building Act is a new act, which entered into force on 1st of June 2018. The field of construction has been completely changed with it. Legislator has decided to change some of the term definitions. Because of less extensive documentation, obtaining building permit is now simplified. Persons, involved in building permit proceeding, are now listed again. Before the building permit is obtained, the investor now has an option of pre-decision regarding compliance of building, which can be binding for the authority. Previous consents are now prequalified into opinions, that are given by a competent organ. The newness here is that municipality must be mandatory opinion giver in three listed situations. So-called integral process is now a combination of acquiring environmental consent and building permit for structures with environmental impact. The final result of integral process is only a building permit. With the intention of better registration, the Act implements a new phase, in which the start of building must be reported. Operating permit is now also easier to obtain, but it is also an obligatory condition for a house number. Last one of the important novelties is the institution of three legalisation procedures. One of them is meant for legalisation of long existence structures (those are structures, built before 01.01.1998), while the other two are meant for inadmissible structures, that were built before this law's establishment.

Keywords:pre-decision, opinion, building permit, integral process, operating permit, legalisation

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