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Stavčnofonetična analiza govornotehničnega znanja voditeljev in primerjava izbranih oddaj: Primerjava nekomercialnega Vala 202 in komercialnega Radia 1
Korošec, Iza Lucija (Author), Tivadar, Hotimir (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Magistrsko delo predstavlja stavčnofonetično analizo govornotehničnega znanja pri osmih radijskih govorcih – štirje so bili izbrani na javnem radiu, ki je nekomercialni in ima nacionalni pomen (Val 202), štirje pa na komercialnem Radiu 1. Za analizo so izbrani tematsko in časovno podobni posnetki, ki so bili za prvi del analize skrajšani najprej do trideset sekund, za drugi del analize pa do pet sekund. Daljši posnetki (za prvi del raziskave) so bili analizirani v programu Praat, kasneje pa tudi transkribirani in označeni s poudarki, premori, končnimi in nekončnimi intonacijami. S pomočjo transkripcij smo v programu Praat izmerili tudi hitrost govora in izgovora. Krajši posnetki (za drugi del raziskave) so bili uporabljeni za določanje števila besed in analizo barve glasu v programu Overtone Analyzer. Ugotovljeno je bilo, da govorci na Radiu 1 govorijo preglasno in delajo neustrezne poudarke, medtem ko so govorci na Valu 202 pri svojem govorjenju prepočasni, vendar s primernimi premori in intonacijami. Govorci v svojem govoru poudarjajo različne besede, ne osredotočajo se zgolj na eno besedno vrsto. Hrup ima večji vpliv na jakost govora na radiu in ostalih govorjenih medijih, ko so v ozadju tudi drugi hrupni dejavniki. Kljub temu so govorci namerno še glasnejši in še dodatno poudarjajo, da bi privabili poslušalce. Prepoznavnost je odvisna od vseh analiziranih elementov, največji delež pa zagotovo predstavlja barva glasu. Po barvi glasu je najbolj prepoznaven Gov002M z Radia 1, za njim pa Gov007M z Vala 202. Meritve izbranih govorcev so pokazale, da ima najboljši in najprimernejši radijski glas Gov003M (Val 202), najmanj pa Gov004M (Radio 1). Vendar ni vse odvisno le od meritev, pri izbiri prepoznavnih govorcev je odločilna predvsem percepcija, torej sprejemljivost s stališča poslušalcev.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:govornotehnično znanje, primerjava radijskih postaj, stavčna fonetika, intonacija, jakost, barva glasu, premori, poudarki, hitrost govora
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Organization:FF - Faculty of Arts
Year:2019
Views:433
Downloads:631
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Phonetic analysis of speech techniques used by radio presenters and comparison of selected shows: Comparison of non-commercial Val 202 and commercial Radio 1
Abstract:
The thesis presents a phonetic analysis of speech techniques used by eight radio presenters – four of which were selected from the non-commercial Val 202 and four from the commerical Radio 1. The analysis included thematically and temporally similar recordings, which were at first limited to app. 30 seconds and were then further reduced to app. 5 seconds. Longer recordings were analyzed, transcribed and marked with stresses, pauses and intonations using Praat. These enabled us to measure the rate of speech. Using Overtone Analyzer, the shorter recordings were analyzed to determine the number of words and timbre. The results revealed that Radio 1 presenters speak too loudly with the use of too many stresses, whereas Val 202 presenters speak too slowly but with the appropriate use of pauses and pitch. The presenters emphasize different words and not just a particular class of words. Although the intensity is heavily influenced by background noise, the presenters themselves are intentionally louder so as to attract the attention of the audience. Timbre tends to be the most important factor in the recognizability of the presenter, however it is also determined by other speech elements. The timbre of Gov002M (Radio 1) is the most recognizable, followed by Gov007M (Val 202). Based on all the recorded speech parameters Gov003M (Val 202) has the best and most appropriate radio voice, whereas Gov004M (Radio 1) has the least. However, everything doesn't depend only on measurements. The choice, who is a recognizable speaker, is primarily a matter of perception and acceptance of the listeners.

Keywords:speech technique knowledge, comparison of radio stations, phonetic analysis, intensity, pitch, timbre, pauses, stresses, speech rate

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