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Spodnje Posavje med drugo svetovno vojno
Verstovšek, Tim (Author), Repe, Božo (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Mikša, Peter (Co-mentor)

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Abstract
Spodnje Posavje se je med drugo svetovno vojno razdelilo med tri okupatorje. Nemški si je priključil ozemlje na levem bregu Save in kakih 15 km širok pas na desnem bregu. Italijanski je dobil južni in jugozahodni del, medtem ko je nekaj vasi ob Obrežju prišlo pod hrvaškega. Stičišče treh okupatorjev nakazuje na strateški pomen Posavja, ki leži na križišču prometnih poti. Okupatorji so geografsko lego izkoriščali za vpade na Balkan. Nemškemu rajhu je kotlina predstavljala skrajni jugovzhodni del nemškega kulturnega prostora, vendar je bila težava v tem, da tu živijo Slovenci. Začel je izvajati ponemčevanje prostora, pri čemer je slovensko prebivalstvo nasilno izselil, namesto njih pa na zapuščene domove namestil kočevske Nemce. Izgnane Slovence je pošiljal sprva v Srbijo in NDH, nato pa v posebna taborišča na območju današnje Nemčije. Prebivalci so se začeli upirati že leta 1941 z nekaterimi bolj začetniškimi in neizkušenimi odporniškimi skupinami. V naslednjih letih so se začele oblikovati čete, bataljoni in odredi, pri čemer so vodilno vlogo prevzele skupine na Kozjanskem. Redno so sodelovale s hrvaškimi partizani, nekaj časa pa je v Posavju delovala tudi elitna XIV. divizija. Po vojni so se predvsem v Mostecu izvajali povojni poboji nad pobeglimi hrvaškimi vojaki, manjša grobišča pa se najdejo povsod po regiji. V spomin na dogodke med drugo svetovno vojno je v Posavju tudi veliko spomenikov in raznih obeležij. Mnoga so delo domačih kulturnih delavcev in se nanašajo na posameznike in dogodke, neposredno povezane na lokalno medvojno zgodovino.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:Posavje, druga svetovna vojna, izseljenci, odporniška gibanja, okupacija.
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Organization:FF - Faculty of Arts
Year:2019
Views:807
Downloads:214
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Lower Posavje Region During Second World War
Abstract:
Lower Posavje region was split between three ocupators during the second world war. The Germans took the land on the left bank of Sava river and about 15km wide corridor in the right bank. The Italians got some south and south-west parts of the region, while some of the villages near Obrežje came under croatian state. The fact that three ocupators met in this part states that the region has an important strategic and transport location. Ocupators used it as an entrance to Balkan peninsula. German reich interpreted it as the most southeastern part of german cultural space, but the main problem was that the people were almost all Slovenians. The Germans started the germanification of the region by forcely exiling the Slovenians and settling the Germans from Kočevje region into freshly evicted homes. The exiled people were sent into Serbia and NDH at first, then they were transported into special camps in modern day Germany. The pepole of Posavje started to riot as soon as 1941, but the rebel groups were all beginners with lack of experience. In later years the corps, battalions and detachments were formed, the main units were forming in the Kozjansko part of the region. They were often cooperating with croatian partisans and for some time also with the elite XIV. divison while it was stationed in Posavje. After the war the partisans commited killings of emigrated croation soldiers, mostly in Mostec, but smaller burial grounds can be found all over the region. In order to keep the memory of the second world war events alive the people of Posavje made a lot of monumets and memorial statues. Most of them are the creation of local artists and are depicting the events and people connected to their local wartime history.

Keywords:Posavje, second world war, emigrants, resistance movements, occupation.

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