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Vpliv temperature stiskanja na dinamiko trdnosti lepilnega spoja
Pirc, Gašper (Author), Šernek, Milan (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Proučevali smo vpliv temperature stiskanja na utrjevanje urea-formaldehidnih (UF) lepil. Uporabili smo dve vrsti UF lepil proizvajalca Basf: Kaurit 345 z nižjo vsebnostjo prostega formaldehida in Kaurit 350 z višjo vsebnostjo. Preizkušanci so bili standardni in sicer iz javorjevega furnirja, debeline 0,6 mm. Preizkušanci so se po razrezu klimatizirali pri sobnih pogojih: 23 °C in 55 % vlažnostjo. Kinetiko utrjevanja UF lepil smo izvedli z ABES (Automated Bonding Evaluation System) instrumentom. Lepilna mešanica je bila skozi vse poizkuse konstantna, sestavljena iz 100 utežnih deležev vodne raztopine lepila in 1,5 % katalizatorja - amonijevega sulfata (glede na suho snov lepila). Testiranje je potekalo pri različnih temperaturah stiskanja: 80, 100, 120, 150, 170 °C. Trajanje stiskanja smo prilagajali glede na razvoj strižne trdnosti. Ko je ABES izmeril strižno trdnost večjo od 0, smo meritev pri enakem času stiskanja ponovili vsaj trikrat. Testirali smo tudi vpliv pH vrednosti različnih furnirjev na utrjevanje UF lepil. Ker katalizator zniža pH vrednost mešanice ter pospeši utrjevanje UF lepil, smo enak princip znižanja pH vrednosti ugotavljali s pomočjo različnih lesnih vrst. Vsaka lesna vrsta ima različno pH vrednost, ki tako dodatno pripomore k spremembi kislosti oz. bazičnosti lepilne mešanice med stiskanjem. Testirali smo preizkušance šestih različnih drevesnih vrst (javor, bukev, hrast, oreh, smreka, brest). S pomočjo termočlena smo raziskali spreminjanje temperature v lepilnem spoju med vročim lepljenjem. Ugotovili smo, da je imela temperatura stiskanja bistveni vpliv na hitrost utrjevanja lepila in da hlajenje preizkušanca po stiskanju ni vplivalo na trdnost spoja. Lepilo z višjim deležem formaldehida je utrjevalo hitreje.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:DGST, ABES, UF lepilo, Kaurit 345, Kaurit 350, urea-formaldehid, lepila, katalizator, furnir, vroče stiskanje, pH lesa, javor, bukev, hrast, oreh, smreka, brest
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Tipology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Year:2019
Publisher:[G. Pirc]
UDC:630*824.8
COBISS.SI-ID:3065737 Link is opened in a new window
Views:259
Downloads:157
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Influence of pressing temperature on dynamics of strength of adhesive bond
Abstract:
We studied the effect of pressing temperature on hardening of urea-formaldehyde (UF) adhesives. We used two types of UF adhesives pre-prepared by manufacturer Basf: Kaurit 345 with a lower content of free formaldehyde and Kaurit 350 with a higher content. For testing of kinetics, we used ABES (Automated Bonding Evaluation System) instrument. To preform standard tests, we used maple veneers, with thickness of 0,6 mm. All veneer was prepared and then left for two day at room conditions of 23 °C and 55 % air humidity, to acclimate. Every test has constant adhesive mixture, consisted of 100 weight units of aqueous adhesive solution and 1,5 % catalyst (ammonium sulphate) (according to dry quantity of glue). Bonding strength was investigated at different pressing temperatures: 80, 100, 120, 150 and 170 °C. Times of gluing were adjusted according to feedback of shear strength. If ABES measured sear strength higher than 0 N/mm2, we carried out at least two more tests of strength. pH value of wood was measured. With usage of different veneers, we tested its influence on bond development. For this test, we used six different species (maple, beech, oak, walnut, spruce, elm). With use of thermocouple we investigated temperature changes in bond during gluing process. We found out that the pressing temperature had a significant influence on hardening time. Cooling specimens after gluing process did not have big effect on joint strength. Adhesive with more formaldehyde was curing faster.

Keywords:DGST, ABES, UF glue, Kaurit 345, Kaurit 350, urea-formaldehide, wood glues, catalyst, veneer, hot press, wood pH, maple, beech, oak, walnut, spruce, elm

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