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Okoljski vidiki uporabe goriv iz lesne biomase v malih kurilnih napravah
ID Zevnik, Gašper (Author), ID Medved, Sašo (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, ID Arkar, Ciril (Co-mentor)

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Abstract
Svetovna zdravstvena organizacija opozarja na vse večjo onesnaženost zraka s trdnimi delci, ki ogroža zdravje ljudi. S tem problemom se srečujemo tudi v Sloveniji, kjer zrak s trdnimi delci najbolj onesnažujejo male kurilne naprave na lesno biomaso. Z Uredbo o pregledih, čiščenju in meritvah na malih kurilnih napravah želimo doseči zmanjšanje pritiskov na okolje z aktivnim nadzorom nad malimi kurilnimi napravami, kar bo pripomoglo tudi k doseganju zavezujočih ciljev, ki jih ima Republika Slovenija do evropske zakonodaje. V nalogi smo preverili v uredbi predpisano metodo za izvajanje emisijskega monitoringa na teh napravah. Eksperimente smo izvedli na kurilnih napravah z različnimi tehnologijami zgorevanja drv in z različno vlažnimi drvmi. Rezultate naših eksperimentov smo primerjali z raziskavami v tujini. Ugotovili smo, da so emisije trdnih delcev sodobnih kurilnih naprav več kot trikrat nižje od emisij kurilnih napravah brez kontroliranega poteka zgorevanja. V nalogi so podani tudi nekateri kritični pogledi na metodologijo monitoringa in napoved zmanjšanja trdnih delcev v Sloveniji za obdobje do leta 2030 v primeru zamenjave starih kurilnih naprav za nove.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:obnovljivi viri energije, biomasa, male kurilne naprave, emisije trdnih delcev, emisijski monitoring
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper
Typology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:FS - Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Place of publishing:Ljubljana
Publisher:[G. Zevnik]
Year:2019
Number of pages:XXI, 52 str.
PID:20.500.12556/RUL-108244 This link opens in a new window
UDC:502.174.3:697.1(043.2)
COBISS.SI-ID:16711451 This link opens in a new window
Publication date in RUL:22.06.2019
Views:1031
Downloads:338
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Environment aspects of the use of wood biomass fuels in small combustion plants
Abstract:
The World Health Organization draws attention to the increasing air pollution with particulate matter that endangers human health. We are also facing this problem in Slovenia where small combustion plants running on biomass represent the main pollutant of air with particulate matter. The Decree on the Inspection, Cleaning and Measurement of Small Combustion Units aims to achieve a reduction in environmental pressures through active monitoring of small combustion plants, which will also help to achieve the binding goals of the Republic of Slovenia in relation to European legislation. In the thesis, we checked the prescribed regulation method for the implementation of emission monitoring on log wood boilers. Experiments were carried out on combustion plants with various technologies of wood combustion and wood with different moisture. The results of our experiments were compared with international research. We discovered that the emissions of solid particles of modern combustion plants are more than three times lower than those of combustion plants without controlled combustion. The thesis also presents some critical views on the methodology of monitoring and the prediction of the reduction of particulate matter in Slovenia for the period up to 2030 in case of replacing the old combustion plants for new ones.

Keywords:renewable energy, biomass, small combustion plants, emission of particulate matter, emission monitoring

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