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Depresija v nosečnosti in prezgodnji porod : diplomsko delo
Lukančič, Nina (Author), Mivšek, Ana Polona (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Petročnik, Petra (Co-mentor)

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Abstract
Uvod: Predporodna depresija se pojavi pri 10-20 % žensk in je ena od resnejših težav javnega zdravstva. Malokrat je prepoznana in je posledično pogosto nezdravljena v obdobju nosečnosti, kar lahko vodi do različnih obporodnih zapletov tako za žensko kot otroka. Med zaplete sodi tudi prezgodnji porod, ki predstavlja eno največjih težav v perinatologiji. Namen: Namen diplomskega dela je preučiti literaturo s področij depresije v nosečnosti in prezgodnjega poroda in ugotoviti kakšen je vpliv nezdravljene ter z antidepresivi zdravljene depresije v nosečnosti na prezgodnji porod. Metode dela: V diplomskem delu smo uporabili deskriptivno metodo dela s sistematičnim pregledom literature v časovnem okvirju med letoma 2008 in 2018. Literatura je bila iskana v slovenskem in angleškem jeziku znotraj podatkovnih baz COBISS, Science Direct, DiKUL, PubMed, Springer Link ter Cochrane s ključnimi besedami »depresija v nosečnosti«, »antenatalna depresija« AND »prezgodnji porod« ter »depression in pregnancy«, »antenatal depression«, »depression during pregnancy« AND »preterm delivery«, »preterm birth«. Rezultati: Depresija v nosečnosti je posredno in neposredno povezana s prezgodnjim porodom. Direktno depresija vpliva na prezgodnji porod preko vpliva na HPA os in na hormonsko ravnovesje. Posredno pa zaradi nezdravih vedenjskih vzorcev, ki so značilni za nosečnice z depresijo, in zaradi vpliva antidepresivov na prezgodnji porod. Jemanje slednjih, predvsem v tretjem trimesečju nosečnosti, bistveno bolj povečuje tveganje za prezgodnji porod kot depresija sama. Daljše kot je obdobje uživanja antidepresivov tekom nosečnosti, višje je tveganje za prezgodnji porod. Po drugi strani tudi večja intenziteta depresije povečuje tveganje za prezgodnji porod. Razprava in zaključek: Depresija bistveno vpliva na prezgodnji porod, saj kar 15,5 % nosečnic z depresijo rodi prezgodaj. Izjemnega pomena je, da imajo babice in ostali zdravstveni delavci, ki sodelujejo pri obravnavi nosečnic, znanje o povezavi med depresijo in prezgodnjim porodom. Posledično lažje načrtujejo in izvajajo strategije za izboljševanje mentalnega zdravja nosečnice in tako zmanjšajo tveganje za prezgodnji porod. Za smernice na tem področju so potrebne dodatne raziskave o možnostih preprečevanja depresije v nosečnosti in preprečevanja prezgodnjega poroda v povezavi z depresijo.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:depresija v nosečnosti, predporodna depresija, prezgodnji porod
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Organization:ZF - University College of Health Studies
Year:2019
COBISS.SI-ID:5623915 Link is opened in a new window
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Downloads:79
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Depression in pregnancy and preterm birth : diploma work
Abstract:
Introduction: Antenatal depression occurs in 10-20 % of women and is one of the more serious public health problems, as it has been mostly unrecognized and untreated during pregnancy, which can lead to various obstetrical complications for the woman and child. One of the complications is premature birth, which is one of the biggest problems in perinatology. Purpose: The purpose of the diploma work is to study literature in the field of depression in pregnancy and premature birth and to determine what is the impact of untreated and with antidepressants treated depression in pregnancy on premature birth. Methods: In the diploma work, we used a descriptive method of work with a systematic review of literature in the time frame between 2008 and 2018. The literature was searched in the Slovenian and English languages within the COBISS, Science Direct, DiKUL, PubMed, Springer Link and Cochrane databases with the keywords »depresija v nosečnosti«, »antenatalna depresija« AND »prezgodnji porod« and »depression in pregnancy«, »antenatal depression«, »depression during pregnancy« AND »preterm delivery«, »preterm birth«.. Results: Depression in pregnancy is indirectly and directly associated with premature birth. Depression affects premature birth directly through the impact on the HPA axis and consequently on the hormonal balance. Indirectly, due to unhealthy behaviors that are typical for pregnant women with depression and with the impact of antidepressants on premature birth. Taking antidepressants, especially in the third trimester, increases the risk of premature birth more as depression itself. The longer the period of antidepressants usage during pregnancy, the higher the risk for preterm birth. On the other hand, more intense the depression, greater the risk for premature birth. Discussion and conclusion: Depression has a significant effect on premature birth, as 15.5% of pregnant women with depression have babies that are born prematurely. It is crucial that midwives and other health professionals have the knowledge of the link between depression and premature birth. Therefore they can plan and implement strategies to improve the mental health of pregnant women, thus reducing the risk of premature birth. Further research is needed for guidelines on the prevention of pregnancy depression and prevention of preterm birth in connection with depression.

Keywords:depression in pregnancy, antenatal depression, preterm birth

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