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Trendi v ureditvi hlevov za visokoproduktivne krave in njihov podmladek
Maleš, Anže (Author), Klopčič, Marija (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Na kmetijah, ki se ukvarjajo s tržno prirejo mleka in rejo krav molznic, se vse več pozornosti namenja dobremu počutju in zdravju visoko-produktivnih krav ter mlade živine. Z najsodobnejšimi sistemi namestitve živali v hlevih na prosto rejo, zagotavljamo živalim čim večji komfort, veliko prostora za gibanje in počitek, dovolj svetlobe preko dneva in zadostno izmenjavo svežega zraka. Vse to prispeva k boljši produktivnosti, večji mlečnosti, boljši plodnosti, zdravju in počutju živali, kar se odraža tudi v večjih prihodkih na taki kmetiji. V diplomski nalogi predstavljamo sodobne sisteme proste reje za krave molznice in mlado živino, različne sisteme molže, ležišč, funkcionalnih področij hleva in zoo-higienske dejavnike hleva. V diplomski nalogi predstavljamo tudi najnovejša sistema proste reje t.i. 'kravji vrt' in 'plavajočo farmo', ki je locirana v pristanišču v Rotterdamu na Nizozemskem. V drugem delu diplomske naloge predstavljamo idejni načrt hleva za 75 visoko-produktivnih krav molznic in hleva za mlado živino. Na kmetiji Maleš imamo trenutno vezano rejo. Radi bi zgradili nov modernejši hlev na prosto rejo, ki bo živalim omogočal boljše pogoje reje, nam pa lažje delo. Poleg hleva bomo zgradili laguno in manjše gnojišče za gnoj iz globokega nastilja. V hlevu bodo nameščena pehala za odstranjevanje gnoja in urina. Za molžo krav molznic bomo uporabili molzni robot. V hlevu bo poseben prostor za krave ob porodu t.i. porodnišnica, ki bo na globokem nastilju. V starem hlevu bomo uredili prostor za mlado živino.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:govedo, krave molznice, mlada živina, hlevi, trendi
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Year:2019
COBISS.SI-ID:4213384  Link is opened in a new window
Views:246
Downloads:111
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Trends in the construction of barns for high-productive cows and young stock
Abstract:
On farms dealing with market milk production and breeding dairy cows, more and more attention is paid to the well-being and health of high-productive cows and young stock. With modern loose housing systems for cattle, we provide high comfort for dairy cows, plenty of space for movement and rest, enough light over the day and sufficient exchange of fresh air. It’s all contribute to better productivity, higher milk production, better fertility, health and welfare of animals, which is also reflected in higher income on such farm. In our thesis, modern loose housing system for dairy cows and young cattle, various systems of milking, lying pens, functional areas of barns and zoo-hygienic factors of stables are presented. In the thesis, the newest housing systems for dairy cows, i.e. "the cow garden" and "the floating farm", located in a port in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, are presented. In the second part of the graduation thesis, the conceptual design of a stable for 75 high-productive dairy cows and young cattle is presented. On the family farm Maleš, we currently have tied-in housing system for cattle. We would like to build a new modern free stall for dairy cows and young stock, which will provide the animals better conditions and easier work for us. Next to the stable, we will build a slurry lagoon and a small manure storage. In the stable, there will be a transporter for the removal of manure and urine. A milking robot will be used for milking dairy cows. In the stable will be a special place for cows at calving, i.e. a calving pen with deep straw bedding. In the old stable, we will arrange place for young cattle.

Keywords:cattle, dairy cows, young stocks, barns, trends

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