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Vpliv zdravega življenjskega sloga na plodnost žensk s prekomerno telesno maso : magistrsko delo
Šuštaršič, Ana (Author), Videmšek, Mateja (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Hadžić, Vedran (Co-mentor)

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Abstract
Namen magistrskega dela je bil ugotoviti, kako vpliva sprememba zdravega življenjskega sloga na plodnost žensk s prekomerno telesno maso. Hkrati je bil namen ugotoviti, kako vpliva sprememba življenjskega sloga na gibalne sposobnosti, telesne značilnosti (telesna masa, telesna maščoba, mišična masa, ITM, obseg trebuha, pasu in bokov), psihično počutje ženske, metabolične dejavnike (sistolični in diastolični krvni tlak, srčna frekvenca, HOMA-IR, glukoza, inzulin, SHBG, prosti testosteron, FAI indeks, androstendion in anti-Müllerjev hormon) in ureditev menstrualnih ciklusov. V raziskavo je bilo vključenih 13 merjenk starih 31,85±4,34 let, z ITM večjim od 30 kg/m2, katere so bile vključene v 8-tedensko vadbo, ki je potekala pod vodstvom diplomantke Fakultete za šport. Pri statistični analizi dobljenih podatkov smo uporabili t-test za odvisne vzorce, dvosmerni hi-kvadrat test in Wilcoxonov test predznačnih rangov. Razlike med začetnimi in končnimi meritvami telesnih značilnosti so bile statistično značilne; telesna masa se je povprečno znižala za 6,28 kg, telesna maščoba za 2,55 %, ITM za 2,17 enote, obseg trebuha za 6,31 cm, obseg pasu za 9,02 cm in obseg bokov za 6,31 cm. Statistično značilno so se izboljšali rezultate vseh gibalnih testov in nekaterih metaboličnih dejavnikov (prosti testosteron, glukoza), medtem ko smo pri nekaterih ugotovili trend po zmanjševanju vrednosti (HOMA-IR, inzulin). Rednost menstrualnega ciklusa se je izboljšala, vendar le-ta ni bila statistično značilna (p=0,073). V raziskavi smo ugotovili, da telesna vadba v povezavi s spremembo življenjskega sloga pozitivno vpliva tudi na psihično počutje žensk s prekomerno telesno maso (zadovoljstvo, stres, kvaliteta spanja ...).

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:neplodnost, prekomerna telesna masa, redna vadba, izguba telesne mase
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Tipology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:FŠ - Faculty of Sport
Year:2019
COBISS.SI-ID:5518001 Link is opened in a new window
Views:160
Downloads:125
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:The impact of healthy lifestyle on the fertility of overweight women
Abstract:
The purpose of the master's thesis was to determine how a change to a healthy lifestyle affects the fertility of overweight women. Additionally, the purpose was to determine how lifestyle change affects the physical abilities, physical characteristics (body weight, body fat, muscle mass, BMI, abdominal girth, hip girth and waist girth), woman's psychological well-being and metabolic factors (systolic and diastolic blood pressure, heart rate, HOMA-IR glucose, insulin, SHBG, free testosterone, FAI index, androstendion and Anti-Müllerian hormone) and regulation of menstrual cycles. The initial and final measurements performed on 13 research subject (31,85±4,34 years and BMI higher than 30 kg/m2) that were included in the 8-week training programme conducted by the student of Faculty of sport as a part of the research. A statistical analysis of the results was performed using a dependent sample t-test, a two-way chi-square test and a Wilcoxon signed-rank test. The difference between initial and final measurements of physical characteristics were statistically significant. The main finding of the research was: the average body weight decreased for 6,28 kg, the average body fat decreased for 2,55 %, average BMI decreased for 2,17 unit, the average abdominal girth decreased for 6,31 cm, the average waist girth decreased for 9,02 cm and the average hip girth decreased for 6,31 cm. The results of test for physical abilities and some of metabolic factors (free testosterone and glucose) were statistically significantly improved. For some of metabolic factors (HOMA-IR, insulin) we observed decrease value. The regularity of menstrual cycle has improved but it was not statistically significant (p=0,073). The results have shown that a lifestyle change, combined with weight loss, positively influences psychological well-being of overweight women (satisfaction, stress, sleep quality ...).

Keywords:infertility, overweight, regular exercise, weight loss

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