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Vpliv družinskih dejavnikov na razvoj mladoletniškega prestopniškega vedenja
Mikluš, Mateja (Author), Zrim Martinjak, Nataša (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/5632/ This link opens in a new window

Abstract
V magistrskem delu sem raziskovala družinske dejavnike, ki vplivajo na razvoj prestopniškega vedenja pri mladostnikih . Cilj dela je bil na podlagi teoretičnih in empiričnih ugotovitev razumeti pomen in vpliv obravnavanih družinskih dejavnikov na pojav prestopniškega vedenja ter tako izboljšati lastne spretnosti za prepoznavanje morebitnih predhodnih čustvenih in vedenjskih težav. Te so lahko posledica starševskega poseganja po neustreznih vzgojnih strategijah, neprimernih medsebojnih odnosov v družini, specifične moči in vrste navezanosti med otrokom in staršem, pomanjkljive ali neprimerne komunikacije med družinskimi člani, socialnega učenja z opazovanjem in posnemanjem staršev, vpliva družinske strukture in vloge, ki jo ima mladostnik v svoji družini. Pri tem je treba poudariti, da prestopniškega vedenja ne spodbudi le en dejavnik, ampak gre vedno za kombinacijo različnih dejavnikov, ki ne izhajajo samo iz družinske dinamike. Po principih kvalitativne analize sem obdelala podatke, pridobljene iz polstrukturiranih intervjujev z mladostniki in mladostnicami, ki jim je bil zaradi različnih oblik prestopniškega vedenja izrečen vzgojni ukrep oddaje v vzgojni zavod ali vzgojni ukrep oddaje v prevzgojni dom. Zanimalo me je, ali tudi mladostniki sami razumejo svojo družinsko dinamiko in vzgojo staršev kot morebitna sprožilna dejavnika svojega prestopniškega vedenja. Večina intervjuvanih mladostnikov vzroke za prestopniško vedenje, ki izhajajo iz družine, uvršča v vrh lestvice pomembnosti, tem pa se v zelo veliki meri pridružujeta tudi dejavnika vrstniškega vpliva in osebnih značilnosti. Rezultati kažejo, da tudi mladostniki sami vidijo vzroke za prestopniško vedenje v svoji družinski dinamiki, in ker so sami najboljši pripovedovalci svojega življenja, je njihova stališča in poglede v procesu reševanja težav treba upoštevati.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:dejavniki tveganja
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Tipology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:PEF - Faculty of Education
Year:2019
COBISS.SI-ID:12353097  Link is opened in a new window
Views:174
Downloads:51
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Influence of family factors on development of juvenile delinquency behavior
Abstract:
In the master's thesis, I investigated the family factors that influence the development of delinquent behavior in adolescents. Based on theoretical and empirical findings, the aim of the study was to understand the significance and the influence of the aforementioned family factors on the phenomenon of delinquent behavior, thus improving my own skills for identifying possible prior emotional and behavioral problems. These can be the result of the inadequate parental educational strategies, inappropriate interpersonal relationships in the family, a specific strength and style of attachment between child and parent, inadequate or inappropriate communication between family members, social learning through the observation and imitation of the parents, the influence of the family structure and the role one has in their own family. It is important to emphasize that delinquent behavior is not brought about by only one factor, but it is always a combination of various factors that do not derive solely from family dynamics. According to the principles of qualitative analysis, I processed data derived from semi-structured interviews with adolescents who, due to various forms of delinquent behavior, got an educational measure of moving to a residential care institution or an educational measure of moving to a juvenile correctional institution. I was wondering whether adolescents themselves understand their family dynamics and their parent's upbringing as potential triggers of their own delinquent behavior. The majority of the interviewed adolescents rank family causes for delinquent behavior on the top of the scale of relevance. However, they recognize factors such as peer influence and personal characteristics equally as important as family factors. The results show that adolescents themselves see the cause of their delinquent behavior in their own family dynamics. Adolescents themselves are the best narrators of their own lives so their opinion and views need to be taken into account during the problem-solving process.

Keywords:risk factors

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