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Ali je novela Zakona o tujcih skladna z mednarodnim pravom?
Košmerl, Nina (Author), Bugarič, Bojan (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Število razseljenih oseb, ki so po pomorskih poteh ali po zahodnobalkanski poti vstopile v Evropo, je leta 2015 preseglo milijon. Migracijski val je zaradi geografskega položaja dosegel tudi Slovenijo, kar je sprva pomenilo logistični, namestitveni in humanitarni izziv. Po umiritvi razmer pa so se v strahu pred tem, da bi država postala migrantski žep in s sklicevanjem na nacionalno varnost, ohranitev temeljnih funkcij države ter zaščito državljanov, začele odvijati zakonodajne spremembe. Dva dodatna člena Zakona o tujcih uvajata novo kategorijo – spremenjene razmere. V kolkor so aktivirane skladno s predpisanim postopkom, dajejo policiji široka pooblastila odločanja na mejnih prehodih. Vstop v državo bo tekom spremenjenih razmer omogočen le osebam, ki bodo vstopile zakonito, nekaterim ranljivim kategorijam in tistim, ki bodo v Sloveniji zaprosili za azil in so vstopili iz države, v kateri obstajajo sistemske pomankljivosti azilnega postopka oziroma obstoji tveganje, da bodo podvrženi mučenju. Taka ureditev pomeni de facto suspenz Ženevske konvencije o statusu beguncev, kršitev načela nevračanja in prepovedi kolektivnega izgona, nespoštovanje Dublinskega postopka in Schengenskega zakonika, hude kršitve Evropske konvencije za človekove pravice ter neskladje z ustavnimi določbami. Tematiko problematike množičnih migracij sta že obravnavali tudi obe evropski sodišči. Najpomembnejši sodbi vsebujeta obsodbo kršitve načela nevračanja v primeru Hirsi Jamaa in interpretacijo postopka po Dublinski uredbi.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:begunci, migracije, Zakon o tujcih, načelo nevračanja, kolektivni izgoni, spremenjene razmere, notranja varnost
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Organization:PF - Faculty of Law
Year:2019
COBISS.SI-ID:16612689 This link opens in a new window
Views:497
Downloads:243
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Is the amendment to the Aliens Act in accordance with international law?
Abstract:
The number of displaced persons who entered Europe in 2015 through maritime routes or the Western Balkan route exceeded 1 million. Due to the geographical position, the migration wave reached Slovenia, which initially consequent to logistical, accommodation and humanitarian challenges. After the situation calmed, legislative changes took place, considering fear that the country would become a migrant pocket and with reference to national security, preservation of the basic state functions and citizens protection. Two additional articles of the Aliens Act introduced a new category of so-called changed conditions, which, if activated in accordance with prescribed procedure, gives wide decision-making powers to the police at the ports of entry. Entrance will be allowed only for persons who possess identification papers, some vulnerable categories and those who will apply for asylum in Slovenia, regarding they came from the country with systemic deficiencies in the asylum procedure or if there is a serious risk of torture. Such an arrangement constitutes a suspension of the Refugee Convention, breach of the non-refoulement principle and the collective expulsion prohibition. It also failures to comply with the Dublin Regulation and Schengen Code, European Convention on Human Rights and several constitutional provisions. The issue of migration has already been addressed by both European courts. The most important judgments include strict conviction of non-refoulement violation (Case of Hirsi Jamaa and others) and the interpretation of the Dublin procedure.

Keywords:refugees, migrations, the Aliens Act, the principle of non-refoulement, collective expulsions, changed circumstances, internal security

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