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Razredna klima, kot jo zaznavajo in si jo želijo učitelji v različnih fazah profesionalnega razvoja
ID Šmalc, Ina (Author), ID Smrtnik Vitulić, Helena (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, ID Prosen, Simona (Co-mentor)

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/5504/ This link opens in a new window

Abstract
Razredna klima predstavlja procese znotraj razreda, ki vključujejo osebnostni razvoj posameznikov, njihove značilnosti, medosebne odnose in vpliv organizacije šole. Razredna klima pozitivno vpliva na učenje in delovanje v razredu, zato je pomembno, da jo oblikujemo načrtno. Še posebej veliko odgovornost pri oblikovanju in spodbujanju razredne klime pa imajo razredni učitelji, saj z učenci preživijo največ časa. Z raziskavo smo želeli predvsem ugotoviti, kakšno razredno klimo zaznavajo učitelji (dejanska klima) in kakšne si želijo (želena klima) ter ali se med njima pojavljajo razlike. Zanimalo nas je tudi, ali se pojavljajo razlike v zaznavanju obstoječe in želene razredne klime med učitelji, ki se nahajajo v različnih fazah profesionalnega razvoja. V manjšem delu raziskave smo ugotavljali, kako razredno klimo v istem razredu ocenjujejo učitelj in učenci ter zunanja opazovalka. V večinski del raziskave smo vključili 100 učiteljev prvega triletja, ki poučujejo na 16 osnovnih šolah po Sloveniji, manjši del raziskave pa smo izvedli z učenci tretjega razreda, njihovo učiteljico ter zunanjo opazovalko. Vsi udeleženci so za oceno dejanske in želene razredne klime izpolnili anketni vprašalnik Razredno okolje. Analiza rezultatov je pokazala, da učitelji razredno klimo zaznavajo kot »izrazito pozitivno«, hkrati pa si želijo še nekoliko boljšo od obstoječe. Pri učiteljih, ki so v različnih fazah profesionalnega razvoja, raziskava ni pokazala razlik v zaznavanju obstoječe oz. želene razredne klime. Rezultati manjšega dela raziskave pa so pokazali, da učiteljica, učenci in zunanja opazovalka razredno klimo v istem razredu zaznavajo nekoliko različno. Učiteljica jo ocenjuje najbolje, sledi ji zunanja opazovalka, učenci pa so do razredne klime najbolj kritični, čeprav jo še vedno ocenjujejo razmeroma dobro.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:zaznavanje razredne klime
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Typology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:PEF - Faculty of Education
Year:2018
COBISS.SI-ID:12237129 This link opens in a new window
Publication date in RUL:04.01.2019
Views:1120
Downloads:142
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Class climate as perceived and desired by teachers in different stages of professional development
Abstract:
Classroom climate represents processes within the class including personal development of individuals, their characteristics, interpersonal relationships and the impact of school organization. Classroom climate has a positive influence on learning and activity in the classroom, so it is important to create it deliberately and systematically. A special responsibility in developing and promoting classroom climate rests with class teachers, since they are the ones who spend most of their time with their students. First of all, we wanted to find out what kind of classroom climate is perceived by teachers (the actual climate) and what kind of it they would want (the preferred climate), and also if there is any discrepancy between the two. We were also interested in whether there are differences in the perception of the actual and the preferred classroom climate among teachers who are at different stages of their professional development. In the minor part of our research we examined how classroom climate in the same class is assessed by the teachers and students, as well as by external observers. In the majority of the research, 100 first triennium teachers who taught at 16 elementary schools throughout Slovenia were included. The minor part of the research was carried out with third grade students, their teacher and an external observer. In order to assess the actual and the preferred classroom climate, all participants filled in a questionnaire ‘Classroom environment’. The results analysis showed that classroom teachers perceive the classroom climate as "extremely positive", wanting it to be a little better than the existing one at the same time. With the teachers we did not observe any differences between the perception of the existing or the preferred classroom climate and the stages of their professional development. The results of the minor part of the research showed that the classroom climate was perceived in a slightly different way by the teacher, the students and the external observer. It was assessed most favourably by the teacher, then by the external observer, while the students were the toughest critics of it despite their opinion of the classroom climate being relatively high.

Keywords:perception of the classroom climate

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