The present master's thesis analyses gender equality movements and the development of contemporary views on (Islamic) feminism in Morocco. Initially, it gives a definition of key concepts, namely feminism, religious and secular feminism in a global academic context, and then places them appropriately in the academic discussion of the same name in Morocco. The thesis also reflects the influence of the French colonial past on the development of the feminist movement or the women’s rights movement in Morocco, and reveals how women found and formed their voice after Moroccan independence. In addition, it shows the position of feminism in a society with a strong dichotomy between secular and religious interpretation of gender relations. The major theoretical aspects of this master's thesis are supported by the analysis of data obtained through ethnographic field work in Fez, Morocco, more specifically at the Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, where the central hypotheses were verified. The first hypothesis deals with the question of the emergence of feminism in Morocco before the appearance of the French protectorate, the second hypothesis explores the influence of secular feminism in Morocco, the third hypothesis explores the existence of the concept of Moroccan feminism, which also includes different interpretations of (Islamic) feminism among different generations, the fourth hypothesis questions whether feminism in modern Morocco is associated with a small number of members of the upper middle and upper Moroccan social classes, and the last, fifth hypothesis, shows that the Arab Spring and the Iranian Revolution had a significant impact on Morocco's politics and women's rights movements.