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Kuvajtska kriza 1990-1991
Podbrežnik, Lenart (Author), Ajlec, Kornelija (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
V diplomskem delu je obravnavana kuvajtska kriza, ki je leta 1990 izbruhnila z iraškim napadom in okupacijo sosednjega Kuvajta. Po opisu zgodovinskega ozadja in okoliščin nastanka obeh držav je razdelana narava dolgoletne Sadamove vladavine, ki je imela daljnosežne posledice za sodobno iraško državo. Nato so obravnavani dogodki, ki so vodili do iraške invazije v Kuvajt. Posebna pozornost je namenjena ostremu mednarodnemu, predvsem ameriškemu odzivu in intervenciji. V seriji sledečih diplomatskih poskusov je napredek zavirala nepopustljivost zahtev mednarodne koalicije in neomajnost iraških oblasti. Kriza v Zalivu je dosegla vrhunec februarja 1991, ko se je pričela vojna. Mednarodna koalicija je po petih tednih zračnega obstreljevanja nadaljevala s kopenskim napadom, v zgolj 100 urah je bilo vojne konec, Irak je doživel hud in ponižujoč poraz. Poseben poudarek je namenjen ameriški vlogi v konfrontaciji z Irakom, saj je bila zalivska vojna prvi večji vojaški konflikt po končani hladni vojni. V optimizmu po koncu hladne vojne so ZDA pri reševanju krize zgledno sodelovale z Združenimi narodi, mednarodno skupnostjo in tudi Sovjetsko zvezo.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:Irak, Kuvajt, ZDA, Sadam Husein, zalivska vojna
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Organization:FF - Faculty of Arts
Year:2018
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Downloads:32
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Kuwait Crisis 1990 - 1991
Abstract:
The diploma thesis discusses the Kuwait crisis which erupted in 1990 due to the Iraqi invasion and occupation of the neighbouring Kuwait. According to the description of the historical background and the circumstances of the creation of both countries, the nature of the long Saddam's reign, which had far-reaching consequences for the modern Iraqi country, is elaborated. Then, the events that led to the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait are discussed. Particular attention is paid to the sharp international, especially American, response and intervention. In a series of the following diplomatic attempts, the progress has been hampered by the intransigence of the demands of the international coalition and the intransigence of the Iraqi authorities. The Crisis in the Gulf reached its peak in February 1991, when the war began. After five weeks of aerial bombardment, the international coalition continued with land attack; in only 100 hours the war ended and Iraq suffered a severe and humiliating defeat. Special attention is paid to the American role in confronting Iraq, since the Gulf War was the first major military conflict since the end of the Cold War. In the optimism following the end of the Cold War, the USA exemplary cooperated with the United Nations, the international community and also the Soviet Union in resolving the crisis.

Keywords:Iraq, Kuwait, USA, Saddam Hussein, Gulf War

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