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Povezanost spletnega medvrstniškega nasilja, psihosomatike in socialne podpore pri mladostnikih
Repič, Tanja (Author), Pečjak, Sonja (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Jeriček Klanšček, Helena (Co-mentor)

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Abstract
Spletno medvrstniško nasilje predstavlja relativno novo obliko medvrstniškega nasilja (MVN), ki temelji na uporabi informacijsko komunikacijskih tehnologij. V magistrski nalogi nas je zanimala razširjenost spletnega MVN pri slovenskih mladostnikih in razlike med spoloma. Raziskali smo razlike med vlogami pri MVN (žrtvah, nasilnežih, žrtvah/nasilnežih ter tistih, ki v spletno MVN niso bili vključeni) v pogostosti online komunikacije, psihosomatskih simptomov ter v zaznani socialni podpori. Zanimale so nas povezave med psihosomatskimi simptomi z online komunikacijo ter s socialno podporo pri mladostnikih v različnih vlogah spletnega MVN. Podatki so bili zbrani pri vzorcu 1689 sedemnajstletnikov v okviru mednarodne raziskave »Z zdravjem povezano vedenje v šolskem obdobju«. Rezultati so pokazali, da je bila manjšina mladostnikov (5,3 odstotkov) v zadnjih dveh mesecih vključena v spletno MVN, največ v vlogi nasilneža. Več fantov se je znašlo v vlogi nasilneža in žrtve/nasilneža, v vlogi žrtve pa nismo odkrili razlik med spoloma. Ugotavljamo, da žrtve doživljajo največ in najpogostejše psihosomatske simptome ter najnižjo podporo s strani družine. Rezultati so pokazali nekatere pomembne povezave med psihosomatskimi simptomi ter socialno podporo pri mladostnikih, vključenih v spletno MVN. Pri žrtvah doživljanje več in pogostejših psiholoških simptomov pomembno napoveduje nižja podpora družine, pri nasilnežih pa nižja podpora sošolcev. Doživljanje več in pogostejših somatskih simptomov pa pri žrtvah/nasilnežih pomembno napoveduje nižja podpora sošolcev. Podajamo predloge za nadaljnje raziskovanje ter prenos ugotovitev v prakso. Ugotovitve raziskave lahko koristijo pri preventivnih in intervencijskih prizadevanjih na področju spletnega MVN.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:spletno medvrstniško nasilje, elektronska komunikacija, socialna opora, psihosomatski simptomi, mladostniki
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Organization:FF - Faculty of Arts
Year:2018
Views:496
Downloads:210
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Relation between cyberbullying, psychosomatics and social support in adolescents
Abstract:
Cyberbullying represents a relatively new form of bullying that is based on the use of information and communication technologies. In master thesis we were interested in the prevalence of cyberbullying in Slovenian adolescents and in gender differences. We researched the differences between roles in bullying (victims, bullies, victims/bullies and those who were not involved in cyberbullying) in frequency of online communication, psychosomatic symptoms and in perceived social support. We were interested in relations between psychosomatic symptoms with online communication and with social support in adolescents in different roles of cyberbullying. The data was collected in a sample of 1689 seventeen-year-old adolescents within international study “Health Behaviour in School-aged Children”. The results revealed that a minority of adolescents (5,3 percent) was involved in cyberbullying in the past two months, most in the role of bully. More boys were in the role of bully and victim/bully but there were no gender differences observed in the role of victim. We observe that victims report the highest rate of psychosomatic symptoms and the lowest family support. The results revealed some significant correlations between psychosomatic symptoms and social support in adolescents involved in cyberbullying. In victims, experiencing more and more frequent psychological symptoms is significantly predicted by lower family support and in bullies by lower classmate support. Experiencing more and more frequent somatic symptoms in victims/bullies is significantly predicted by lower classmate support. We make suggestions for further research and implementation of findings into practice. The research findings can be beneficial in prevention and intervention efforts in the field of cyberbullying.

Keywords:cyberbullying, electronic communication, social support, psychosomatic symptoms, adolescents

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