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Poklicna orientacija z vidika šolskih svetovalnih delavcev in predlog programa poklicne orientacije : magistrsko delo
Poles, Anja (Author), Zrim Martinjak, Nataša (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Jeriček Klanšček, Helena (Co-mentor)

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/id/eprint/5454 This link opens in a new window

Abstract
Magistrsko delo se ukvarja z vprašanjem poklicne orientacije in njegovo pomembnostjo v osnovni šoli. Ker so primarni izvajalci le-te v osnovnošolskem prostoru ravno šolski svetovalni delavci , je v pričujočem delu izpostavljen njihov pogled. Zaradi trenutnih družbenih razmer je prišlo do preimenovanja izraza poklicne orientacije. Zanj je danes primernejši izraz karierna orientacija, pri čemer teoretični del naloge osvetljuje dogajanje v ozadju, ki je dejansko pripeljalo do spremembe poimenovanja, in obenem predstavlja tudi kritično analizo dotičnega koncepta. O uporabi pojma karierne orientacije v osnovnošolskem prostoru bi morali temeljito premisliti in se osredotočiti na opolnomočenje učencev. Slednje je mogoče doseči zgolj preko konsistentnega izvajanja aktivnosti poklicne orientacije, kar sem s kvalitativno raziskavo tudi raziskovala. Na podlagi rezultatov intervjujev, opravljenih s šestimi šolskimi svetovalnimi delavci, sem raziskovala izvajanje poklicne orientacije v osnovnošolskem prostoru. Ključne ugotovitve intervjujev, v tesni povezavi s teoretičnim delom, predstavljajo osnovo, na podlagi katere je oblikovan program poklicne orientacije, ki stremi k opolnomočenju učencev. Ravno v tem je tudi ključni doprinos izvedene raziskave, saj predlagani model programa vključuje podatke, pridobljene od primarnih izvajalcev poklicne orientacije, oblikovan pa je od 'spodaj navzgor'. Predlagani model programa bi tako lahko prispeval k večji učinkovitosti izvajanja aktivnosti poklicne orientacije, saj vsebuje konkreten načrt priprave in dela. Tudi sodelujoči svetovalni delavci oziroma izvajalci poklicne orientacije so v raziskavi izpostavili željo po neprekinjenemu izvajanju aktivnosti poklicne orientacije. Dejstvo je, da se trenutni šolski sistem preveč osredotoča na instrumentalni del izobraževanja, pri čemer vsebinam »priprave za življenje« zmanjka časa. Le-tem pa je v predlogu programa namenjen precejšen del pozornosti, saj predlagane aktivnosti podpirajo posameznikov osebni, socialni in emocionalni razvoj, pri čemer bi lahko, ne samo poklicne, ampak tudi življenjske odločitve, lažje stekle. Ker se socialni pedagogi lahko zaposlimo na delovnem mestu svetovalnega delavca, je poznavanje tega področja pomembno tudi za našo stroko. Obenem se socialni pedagogi zavedamo pomembnosti prepoznavanja posameznikovih močnih točk za uspešno spoprijemanje z življenjskimi situacijami in smo torej primerni tako za oblikovanje kot tudi za izvajanje tovrstnih aktivnosti.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:opolnomočenje, poklicna orientacija, program poklicne orientacije, svetovalni delavci, vseživljenjska karierna orientacija
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Tipology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:PEF - Faculty of Education
Year:2018
Publisher:[A. Poles]
Number of pages:99 str.
UDC:331.548:373.3(043.2)
COBISS.SI-ID:12198985 This link opens in a new window
Views:352
Downloads:101
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Career guidance from the viewpoint of school counselors and career guidance programme proposal
Abstract:
The master's thesis deals with the issue of vocational orientation and its importance in the elementary school. The primary providers of vocational orientation in the elementary school are the school counselors and that is why their view is exposed in the present work. Due to the current social situation, the term "vocational guidance" has been renamed. The more appropriate term now is career orientation. As a result, the theoretical part of the herewith master's thesis highlights the background, which actually led to the above mentioned renaming, and at the same time it introduces a critical analysis of this concept. The use of the concept of career orientation in the elementary school should be thoroughly thought through and more focus should be given on the empowering students. This can be achieved only through the consistent implementation of the vocational guidance activity, which I also investigated with the help of the qualitative research. Based on the results of interviews carried out with six school counselors, I was then able to conduct research on the implementation of vocational guidance in the elementary school. The key findings of the interviews, in close connection with the theoretical work, represent the basis on which a career guidance program is in fact designed, which consequently aims to empower students. This is precisely the key contribution of the conducted research, as the proposed model of the program includes data obtained from the primary vocational guidance providers and is thus designed from bottom to top. The proposed model of the program could thus contribute to greater efficiency of the implementation of the vocational guidance activity, as it contains a precise preparation and work plan. In addition, the participating consultants or professional guidance providers expressed the desire for a more consistent implementation of the activities when it comes to vocational guidance. The fact is that the current school system focuses too much attention on the instrumental part of the education, where the "preparation for life" content literally runs out of time. A considerable amount of attention is devoted to this content in the program's proposal, since the proposed activities support the individuals' personal, social and emotional development, whereby, not only professional, but also life-choices could be easily dealt with. Since social pedagogues can be employed in the workplace of a school counselor, the knowledge found in this field is highly important for our profession as well. At the same time, social pedagogues are aware of the significance of the importance of recognizing the individual strengths in order to successfully cope with different life situations. Therefore, we are suitable for both designing and implementing such activities.

Keywords:guidance service, vocational guidance, primary school, svetovalna služba, poklicno svetovanje, osnovna šola

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