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Incidenca prezgodnjih porodov glede na interval med nosečnostmi : diplomsko delo
Ćehić, Marijana (Author), Prelec, Anita (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Uvod: Prezgodnji porod (PP) je v svetu in Sloveniji velik problem. Starost prvorodnic se opazno viša in posledično so tudi intervali med nosečnostmi krajši. Prekratki in predolgi intervali med nosečnostmi so razlog za PP, ki je eden od razlogov visoke perinatalne obolevnosti in umrljivosti. Namen: Namen diplomskega dela je na teoretični ravni predstaviti problem PP poroda v Sloveniji in svetu. Vpliv na PP imajo tudi kratki intervali med nosečnostmi, zato je cilj diplomskega dela ugotoviti, ali obstaja povezava med njima. Metode dela: Teoretični del diplomskega dela je zasnovan na kritičnem pregledu domače in tuje strokovne literature. V empiričnem delu so predstavljeni statistični podatki in statistična analiza podatkov iz Nacionalnega perinatalnega informacijskega sistema Republike Slovenije. Analizirali smo podatke Porodnišnice Ljubljana za obdobje od leta 2002 do leta 2014. Vključitveni kriteriji so bili: mnogorodnost (dva ali več), manj kot 77 tednov (18 mesecev) razlike med porodoma, teža novorojenčka več kot 500 g, živorojenost. Ugotavljali smo povezavo med incidenco PP in intervali med nosečnostmi. Rezultati: V obravnavanem obdobju je bilo v Porodnišnici Ljubljana 77.872 porodov, od tega je bilo 39.447 (50,65 %) drugorodnic. Pri 10.200 porodnicah je bil med dvema nosečnostima interval manjši od 77 tednov. Pojavnost PP ni bila večja pri porodnicah z intervalom med porodi < 77 tednov (828 (8,1 %) vs. 2770 (9,5%); razmerje obetov (RO) 1,194; 95% interval zaupanja (IZ) 1,101- 1,295). Prav tako interval med porodi < 77 tednov ni bil povezan s povečanim tveganjem ta zelo PP (< 32 tednom nosečnosti) (207 (2,0%) vs. 749 (2,6%); RO 1,278;95% IZ 1,094- 1,493). Razprava in sklep: V Porodnišnici Ljubljana je bilo v obdobju od leta 2002- 2014 10.200 porodnic, ki so rodile prezgodaj in je bilo med dvema porodoma manj kot 18 mesecev (77 tednov). Na podlagi naše raziskave lahko zaključimo, da interval med porodi <77 tednov ni pomembno povezan s tveganjem za PP. Nadaljnje raziskave so potrebne za opredelitev optimalnega intervala med porodi v slovenski populaciji.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:prezgodnji porod, intervali med porodi, nedonošenost, kontracepcija, načrtovanje družine
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Organization:ZF - University College of Health Studies
Year:2018
COBISS.SI-ID:5538667 Link is opened in a new window
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Downloads:143
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:The incidence of premature birth in relation to the interval between pregnancies : diploma work
Abstract:
Introduction: Premature or preterm birth is a major problem around the world and in Slovenia as well. The average age of first-time mothers has been noticeably rising, and consequently, the intervals between pregnancies are shorter. Purpose: The purpose of the thesis is to provide theoretical knowledge on the problem of premature birth in Slovenia and worldwide. Short intervals between pregnancies also have an impact on premature birth incidence and, therefore, the goal of the thesis is to determine whether a connection exists between these two. Methods: The theoretical section of the thesis includes a critical overview of foreign and domestic scientific literature on the topic. In the empirical section, statistical data and statistical analysis of data from the National Perinatal Information System of the Republic of Slovenia are presented. We analysed data acquired from the Ljubljana Maternity Hospital for the period from 2002 to 2014. The criteria for inclusion in the study were multiple labours (two or more), a period of less than 77 weeks (18 months) between labours, newborn birth weight more than 500 g and liveborn infants. We studied the correlation between the incidence of premature labours and the length of intervals between pregnancies. Results: In the analysed period, there were 77,872 labours in the Ljubljana maternity hospital, 39,447 (50.65%) of which included second-time mothers. In the case of 10,200 women, the intervals between pregnancies were shorter than the period of 77 weeks. When comparing longer and shorter intervals between pregnancies, incidence of preterm birth was not significantly associated with shorter interval (828 (8.1 %) vs. 2770 (9.5%); odds ratio (OR) 1.194; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.101- 1.295). Similarly, there was no association between shorter inter-pregnancy interval and very preterm birth (< 32 weeks) (207 (2.0%) vs. 749 (2.6%); OR 1,278;95% CI 1,094- 1,493). Discussion and conclusion: In the Ljubljana Maternity Hospital, from the year 2002 to 2014, there were 10,200 women who gave birth prematurely with a time period of less than 18 months (77 weeks) between labours. Based on our research, we cannot conclude that inter-pregnancy interval < 77 week is associated with higher incidence of preterm birth as was shown in previous studies. Further research is, therefore, needed to determine the optimal inter-pregnancy interval for preterm birth risk reduction in Slovenian population.

Keywords:premature birth, intervals between labours, premature babies, contraception, family planning

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