The subject matter of the master thesis emerges from the question of effectiveness in correctional facilities. Different practices in the functioning of social institutions are presented at the beginning of the thesis in a broader social context. The concepts of criminality and punctuality are explained through the history of criminal policies with their alteration concerning social arrangements and the reflection of contemporary regimes in prison institutions. The task explains the principle of the effectiveness of the prison as a social institution, which aims to resocialize prisoners, encouraging them to successfully reintegrate into society after the serving the sentence. The living habitat of prisoners is spatially limited, which makes the prisoners emotionally attached to it. Detection of the influential factors to behavioral patterns of prisoners allows the understanding of complex functioning of total institutions, specially regarding to the environment. Thesis recap the findings of researches done on the impact of various environmental aspects on the incidence of stress and associated behavioral patterns, which is taken into account when implementing the guidelines and designing prison's open spaces. The components of therapeutic approach to it emphasize the changing time cycles, the possibility to codeciding about the common space, enabling productivity, physical activity and isolation. Practical part of the thesis is considering two typologically different solutions and is comparatively evaluating them.