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Stanje prireje mleka in paše govedi ter možnosti za razvoj planšarstva in revitalizacijo kamniških planin
Potočnik, Tjaša (Author), Klopčič, Marija (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
V okviru magistrske naloge smo analizirali stanje na področju prireje mleka na ih planinah nekoč in danes. Naloga temelji na pregledu zgodovinskih virov in razpoložljivih podatkov ter na virih pridobljenih pri pastirjih in gospodarjih planin. Naredili smo analizo stanja na kamniških planinah, število živali, ki so se na teh planinah pasle, pasemsko strukturo teh živali ter obseg prireje mleka. Zanimalo nas je tudi kakšni proizvodi so se delali iz mleka prirejenega na planinah ter kako se je to mleko tržilo. Analizirati smo stanje in prirejo mleka na kamniških planinah v zadnjih 30 letih. Pri tem smo se osredotočili predvsem na področje Velike, Male in Gojške planine. S pomočjo poglobljenih intervjujev, ki smo jih opravili s 3 predsedniki agrarnih skupnosti, s 6 pastirji in kmetijsko svetovalko, smo želeli ugotoviti kaj so glavni vzroki za zmanjševanje števila krav molznic in prireje mleka na naših planinah ter kakšne možnosti vidijo za bodoči razvoj kamniških planin. Ponudba mleka in mlečnih izdelkov na naših planinah ne pokriva povpraševanja, saj je obiskovalcev na teh planinah vedno več. S primernimi ukrepi bi bilo potrebno vzpodbuditi rejce, da bi na planino namesto krav dojilj in mlade živine, pošiljali krave molznice. Na osnovi virov in primerov dobrih praks iz tujine smo predstavili možnosti za razvoj planšarstva, predelave mleka in revitalizacijo planin v bodoče.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:govedoreja, mleko, prireja, paša, planšarstvo, revitalizacija, Slovenija
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Year:2018
COBISS.SI-ID:4145544 Link is opened in a new window
Views:132
Downloads:115
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:The situation of milk production and grazing of cattle and oportunities for the development of alpine dairy farming and revitalization of Kamnik mountains
Abstract:
Within the framework of the master's thesis, we analysed the situation in the field of milk production on Kamnik Alps in the past and today. The thesis based on an overview of historic sources and currently available data, as well as on sources obtained from herdsmen and farmers, which take care for Kamnik Alps. We analysed the situation of Kamnik Alps, the number of animals grazing on these mountain pastures, the breed structure of these animals, and the volume of milk production there. Types of dairy products produced there and marketing of milk and dairy products on Kamnik Alps were studied. We analysed situation and milk production on Kamnik Alps in last 30 years, focusing mainly on the 'Velika planina', 'Mala planina' and 'Gojška planina'. With the help of in-depth interviews with three presidents of agrarian communities, six herdsmen and a local agricultural adviser, we wanted to find out what are the main reasons for the decreasing numbers of grazing dairy cows and lower milk production in our pastures, and what possibilities they see for the future development of Kamnik Alps. The supply of milk and dairy products on our pasture does not cover demand, as there are more and more visitors to these mountains. By appropriate measures, farmers should be encouraged to send dairy cows to the mountain pasture instead of suckler cows and young cattle. The possibilities for Alpine dairy farming and revitalization of the pasture in the future are presented by looking at foreign sources and examples of good farming practises.

Keywords:cattle breeding, milk production, grazing, alpine dairy farming, revitalization, Slovenia

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