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Uporaba medicinske hipnoze pri lajšanju negovalnih problemov : diplomsko delo
Dolinar, Eva (Author), Bobnar, Albina (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Uvod: Medicinska hipnoza je komplementarna metoda v medicini, s katero se lahko v kliničnem okolju lajša ali odpravlja bolečine in psihosomatske težave pri bolnikih. Kljub temu se zaradi predsodkov, strahu in neznanja še vedno uporablja v zelo majhni meri. Namen: Namen diplomskega dela je predstaviti uporabo medicinske hipnoze pri lajšanju negovalnih problemov, in sicer pri katerih negovalnih problemih se uporablja, kdo jo izvaja ter morebitne kontraindikacije. Metode dela: Uporabljena je bila deskriptivna metoda dela s pregledom izvirnih in preglednih strokovno-znanstvenih člankov, objavljenih v zadnjih 10-ih letih. Literatura je bila iskana po podatkovnih bazah Academic Search Complete (EBSCOhost), ScienceDirect in CINAHL with Full text. Za prikaz rezultatov je bilo v analizo vključenih 30 znanstvenih člankov. Moč dokazov analiziranih raziskav je bila ovrednotena s 4-stopenjsko lestvico. Rezultati: Medicinska hipnoza se je izkazala za učinkovito metodo pri lajšanju in odpravljanju različnih vrst bolečin, stresa, anksiozno-depresivnih simptomov, slabosti in nespečnosti. Učinkovita je pri odvajanju od kajenja in izboljševanju govornih težav pri bolnikih, ki jecljajo. Upočasnjuje pooperativne krvavitve in pospešuje celjenje opeklin. Posledično znižuje stroške zdravljenja. Medicinska hipnoza vpliva tudi na frekvenco srčnega utripa pri zdravih osebah. V večini jo izvajajo zdravniki, psihologi in medicinske sestre. Vsi izvajalci imajo osnovna znanja s področja medicine in psihologije ter opravljen tečaj izvajanja medicinske hipnoze. Kontraindikacije za izvajanje medicinske hipnoze so največkrat psihiatrične in nevrološke bolezni ter slaba sugestibilnost bolnika. Razprava in zaključek: Medicinska hipnoza je učinkovita nefarmakološka metoda v medicini, ki predstavlja novost pri lajšanju ali odpravljanju negovalnih problemov. Pomembno je, da ima medicinska sestra na tem področju strokovno znanje, ki ga zna brez predsodkov podajati bolnikom, še posebej tistim, ki jim farmakološko zdravljenje zdravstveno negovalnih problemov ne zadošča ali ne ustreza.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:diplomska dela, zdravstvena nega, komplementarna metoda, negovalni problem, izvajalci medicinske hipnoze, kontraindikacije
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Organization:ZF - University College of Health Studies
Year:2018
Publisher: [E. Dolinar]
Number of pages:44 str., [12] str. pril.
COBISS.SI-ID:5531243 This link opens in a new window
Views:715
Downloads:485
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Use of medical hypnosis in alleviating nursing problems : diploma work
Abstract:
Introduction: Medical hypnosis is a complementary method in medicine that relieves or eliminates pain and psychosomatic problems in patients in a clinical setting. Nevertheless, it's still used to a very small extent because of prejudice, fear and unknowledge about its nature. Purpose: The purpose of the diploma work is to present the use of medical hypnosis in alleviating nursing problems. The aim of the thesis is to determine wich nursing problems are alleviated by medical hypnosis, who are its performers, and what are the contraindications for implementation. Methods: A descriptive method was used with an overview of the original and reviews of professional-scientific articles published over the past 10 years. The literature was searched from Academic Search Complete (EBSCOhost), ScienceDirect and CINAHL with Full text databases. In order to show the results, 30 studies were included in the analysis. The reliability of evidence was evaluated by a 4-point scale. Results: Medical hypnosis has proven to be an effective method in relieving and eliminating various types of pain, stress, anxiety-depressive symptoms, nausea and insomnia. It is effective in treating smoking addiction and speech problems in patients who are stuttering. Also, it slows down postoperative bleeding and accelerates burns healing. Consequently, it reduces the cost of treatment. It also affects the hearth rate of healthy persons. Medical hypnosis is mostly performed by doctors, psychologists and nurses. All practitioners have basic knowledge in the field of medicine and psychology, and have completed a hypnosis course. Contraindications for performing medicaly hypnosis are most often psychiatric and neurological diseases, and patients' low suggestibility. Discussion and conclusion: Medical hypnosis is an effective non-pharmacological method in medicine, which represents a novelty in reileving or eliminating nursing problems. It is important that a nurse in this field has expertise, without prejudice, which can give to patients. Especially for those in which pharmacological treatment doesn't give effect.

Keywords:diploma theses, nursing care, complementary method, nursing problem, medical hypnosis performers, contraindications

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