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PRAVNE DILEME PERSONALIZIRANE MEDICINE
Petrič, Tanita (Author), Žnidaršič Skubic, Viktorija (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Personalizirana medicina je novo aktualno področje v medicini, ki se je pojavilo z razvojem genetske tehnologije in njeno uporabo v biomedicini. Z razliko od tradicionalnega pristopa daje v ospredje posameznika in tako pacientovo celotno diagnozo, terapijo in preventivo gradi na njegovem genetskem profilu. Zaveda se, da je vsak posameznik različen, kar upošteva v vseh medicinskih fazah. Gre za inovativen pristop, ki prinaša bistvene prednosti na področju zdravljenja, saj pacientu zagotavlja koristnejše in učinkovitejše zdravljenje. Ker pa temelji na uporabi novih genetskih tehnologij, se ob tem pojavlja mnogo tako moralno-etičnih kot tudi pravnih vprašanj. Zaplete se že pri pojmovanju genetskega podatka, saj ni jasno kakšno težo naj se mu pripiše. Gre namreč za podatke, ki razkrivajo mnogo več kot ostali osebni podatki. Problematični so predvsem, ker ne razkrivajo samo tistega, zaradi česar so bili pridobljeni, in ker se ne nanašajo samo na pacienta, ki je v raziskavo privolil, temveč tudi na njegove sorodnike. Zato je pomembno, da se zagotovi ustrezno varstvo tovrstnih podatkov in s tem varuje pacientovo pravico do zasebnosti. Ker gre za podatke občutljive narave, je treba preprečiti, da bi do njih lahko vsi prosto dostopali. Ker genetski podatki razkrivajo lastnosti posameznika je nujno, da se preprečijo morebitne zlorabe, ki bi omogočale diskriminacijo na njihovi podlagi. V nalogi je izpostavljena tudi problematika patentiranja genetskih izumov. Gre za področje, kjer je predmet patentiranja praviloma nekaj živega in kar v naravi že obstaja, zato je patentibilnost vprašljiva.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:personalizirana medicina, osebni pristop, genetski zapis, genetski podatek, pacientova pravica do zasebnosti
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Organization:PF - Faculty of Law
Year:2018
COBISS.SI-ID:16418129 This link opens in a new window
Views:721
Downloads:221
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:LEGAL ISSUES OF THE PERSONALIZED MEDICINE
Abstract:
Personalized medicine is a new current field in medicine which emerged with the development of the genetic technology and its use in biomedicine. In contrast to the traditional approach, it puts an individual in the foreground. Thus, it builds the entire diagnosis, therapy, and prevention on the patient’s genetic profile. It realizes that every individual is different, which it considers in all the medical phases. This is the case of an innovative approach which introduces essential advantages in the field of medical treatment, as it ensures the patient to be treated more usefully and more efficiently. However, because it is based on the use of new genetic technologies, there are many moral, ethical and also legal questions. The first complication occurs in the conception of the genetic data, as it is not clear what kind of significance should be attributed to it. There are namely the data which reveal much more than the other personal data. They are problematic because they do not reveal only that what they were acquired for and because they are not only relevant regarding the patient who gave his consent regarding the research but also regarding the patient’s relatives. Therefore, it is important that an appropriate security of such data is ensured and thus the patient’s right to privacy is protected. It is necessary to prevent that everybody could have the access to these data because of their sensitivity. Because the genetic data reveal the characteristics of an individual, it is necessary to prevent possible misuses which would enable discrimination on their basis. The issues of patenting the genetic inventions are also pointed out in the thesis. It is the field where the subject of the patenting is mainly something alive and which already exists in nature. Therefore, the patentability is questionable.

Keywords:personalized medicine, personal approach, genetic code, genetic information, patient’s right to privacy

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