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Pravna ureditev in sodobni izzivi reje živali
Leščanec, Matic (Author), Pličanič, Senko (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Odnos med ljudmi in živalmi se je skozi čas spreminjal. Prazgodovinski človek je spoštoval živali kot sebi enake ter se čutil neločljivo povezanega z naravo. V času prvih visokih civilizacij je prehod na poljedelstvo povzročil večji pritisk na naravo, vendar je še vedno prevladoval ekocentrizem. Ostra ločnica med človekom in živaljo je nastopila v novem veku, ko se je uveljavil antropocentristični nazor, katerega glavna zamisel je človekova nadrejenost naravi. V trenutku, ko se je človek proglasil za gospodarja vseh živih bitij, se je začelo njihovo izkoriščanje. Posledica vse večjih potreb naraščajočega prebivalstva in pohlepa velikih korporacij je množična reja živali, ki ima negativne učinke na okolje, zdravje ljudi in dobrobit rejnih živali. Reja živali je eden izmed največjih onesnaževalcev in povzročiteljev podnebnih sprememb. Predvsem zaradi lastne ogroženosti si prizadevamo, da bi negativne učinke reje živali omejili. Kot ena izmed rešitev se ponuja pridelava mesa, vzgojenega v laboratoriju. V zadnjem času pa v družbeno zavest vse bolj prihaja tudi zavedanje o trpljenju rejnih živali. Raziskave so pokazale, da je za večino Evropejcev zaščita živali pomembno področje, na katerem si želijo izboljšav. Evropska unija na področju dobrobiti živali izdaja številne predpise, ki pa zaradi različnih dejavnikov niso vedno učinkoviti. Republika Slovenija kot članica Evropske unije implementira evropsko zakonodajo v svoj pravni red. Namen magistrskega diplomskega dela je pregled pravne ureditve reje živali na ravni Evropske unije in Republike Slovenije ter predstavitev sodobnih izzivov, s katerimi se ta kmetijska gospodarska panoga sooča v smislu zaostrovanja pogojev delovanja za zmanjšanje trpljenja rejnih živali.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:reja živali, živinoreja, zaščita živali, dobrobit živali, pravice živali, življenjski pogoji rejnih živali, okoljevarstveni problemi reje živali, umetno gojeno meso
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Organization:PF - Faculty of Law
Year:2018
COBISS.SI-ID:16393553 Link is opened in a new window
Views:220
Downloads:298
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Legal regulation and contemporary challenges of animal husbandry
Abstract:
The relationship between humans and animals has changed over time. Prehistoric man respected animals as equal to himself and he felt inseparable from nature. At the time of the ancient civilizations, the transition to agriculture led to greater pressure on nature, but ecocentrism still prevailed. The dividing line between man and animal emerged in The early modern period when anthropocentric view was established, with the main idea that human is superior to nature. In the exact moment when man declared himself as the master of all living beings, the exploitation of nature began. The ever growing needs of the earth's population and the greed of large corporations lead to mass breeding of animals, which has negative effects on the environment, human health and welfare of livestock. Animal husbandry is one of the largest polluters and causes of climate change. Mainly because of our own risk, we try to limit its negative effects. One of the possible solutions could be the production of meat, grown in the laboratory. Recently, the awareness of the suffering endured by bred animals is becoming increasingly important in the social consciousness. Research has shown that for most Europeans, the protection of animals is an important area that has to be improved in the future. The European Union issues a number of regulations in the field of animal welfare, which are however not always effective due to various reasons. As a member of the European Union, the Republic of Slovenia implements European legislation in its legal order. The purpose of the master thesis is to review the regulation of animal husbandry at the level of the European Union and the Republic of Slovenia, and to present the contemporary challenges that the agricultural industry faces in terms of stricter regulations intended to reduce the suffering endured by bred animals.

Keywords:animal husbandry, livestock, animal protection, animal welfare, animal rights, living conditions of bred animals, environmental problems of animal husbandry, cultured meat

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