The undergraduate thesis is composed of two parts. The introduction offers an insight into the long-lasting conflicts that led to the creation of two clearly defined blocs that clashed in the summer of 1936. Considerable attention is given to the details of the first days of the reactionary military rebellion of the generals. Both views regarding the place of the Spanish Civil War in European affairs at the time are represented. Attempted is a socio-political comparison between the post-war francoist regime and its counterparts in Italy and Germany in the thirties. The scale of repression, violence and the role of women are discussed as well. The second part follows the story of Ernest Hemingway in Spain and interprets his style of writing as a reflection of the interaction between man and history. By analysing the unique use of Spanish and English in For Whom the Bell Tolls, the novel that he produced based on his experience in Spain, a case is made for his competence on things Spanish. The linch of the fascists in Ronda, the highlight of the novel, is then used to develop a case for Aristotle's definition of history and poetry.