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Europol kot dejavnik zagotavljanja varnosti v Evropi
ID Hočevar, Eva (Author), ID Juvan, Jelena (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, ID Prezelj, Iztok (Co-mentor)

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Abstract
Ko govorimo o Evropi, nedvomno najprej pomislimo na Evropsko unijo. Ena izmed glavnih prednosti Evropske unije je zmanjšana kontrola na notranjih mejah držav članic, ki izhaja iz Schengenskega sporazuma. Sporazum omogoča lažji ter hitrejši pretok ljudi in blaga med državami članicami. Slaba stran sporazuma je, da je posledično olajšano tudi čezmejno delovanje ter premikanje kriminalcev in kriminalnih organizacij, ki delujejo znotraj mej držav članic. Tako se je ideja o sodelovanju med evropskimi policijami pojavila praktično sočasno kot sama ideja o oblikovanju Evropske unije. Najprej preko neformalne skupine TREVI, ki je bila oblikovana v 70-ih letih 20. stoletja, nato preko Europola-Službe za droge, kasneje prek Evropskega policijskega urada-Europol in od leta 2010 kot Agencija Evropske unije za sodelovanje na področju preprečevanja, odkrivanja in preiskovanja kaznivih dejanj-Europol. Iz leta v leto se pojavlja vse več groženj, ki ogrožajo varnost ne samo v Evropi, ampak na svetu nasploh. Prav tako se mednarodne kriminalne organizacije in teroristične skupine ves čas izboljšujejo in uporabljajo nove načine delovanja ter inovativno tehnologijo, zato se mora Europol ves čas prilagajati, širiti področja delovanja in se izboljševati, da je pri svojem delovanju učinkovit.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:Europol, varnost, ogrožanje varnosti, mednarodno sodelovanje.
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Organization:FDV - Faculty of Social Sciences
Year:2018
COBISS.SI-ID:35923549 This link opens in a new window
Publication date in RUL:05.10.2018
Views:580
Downloads:174
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Europol as a factor in ensuring security in Europe
Abstract:
When we speak of Europe, without a doubt we first think of the European Union. One of its main advantages is a lower level of control of the member countries’ internal borders which originates from the Schengen Agreement. The agreement enables a quicker and easier movement of people and goods between member states; consequentially its shortcoming is the cross-border activity and movement of criminals and criminal organisation that are active in the member states. The idea of co-operation between European police emerged at approximately the same time as the European Union was created, at first through TREVI, the informal organisation that was created in the 1970’s, then through the Europol Drugs Unit and through the European Police Office. Finally, in 2010, the organisation emerged under the name of The European Union Agency for Law Enforcement Cooperation or Europol. More threats emerge every year, jeopardizing the security of Europe and that of the rest of world. Furthermore, international criminal organisations improve and make use of their innovated technology, making it necessary for Europol to adjust and broaden its area of activity in order to make its work effective.

Keywords:Europol, security, security threats, international co-operation.

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