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Dojenje v nosečnosti in v tandemu : diplomsko delo
Kostanjevec, Eva (Author), Vettorazzi, Renata (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Uvod: Dojenje za mater predstavlja čustveno povezavo, s katero se naveže na otroka, doječemu otroku pa nudi hranilne snovi, potrebne za rast in razvoj, ter vir tolažbe. Nekatere matere z dojenjem nadaljujejo v nosečnosti in kasneje tudi v tandemu. Namen: Predstaviti dojenje v nosečnosti in v tandemu in ugotoviti vpliv dojenja v nosečnosti in v tandemu na plod, novorojenčka in mater. Metode dela: Uporabljena je bila deskriptivna metoda dela s pregledom znanstvene in strokovne literature na temo dojenja v nosečnosti in dojenja v tandemu. Iskanje literature je potekalo s pomočjo mednarodnih spletnih podatkovnih baz CINAHL with Full TEXT, Cochrane Library, MedLIne (PubMed), Science Direct, nekaj literature pa je bilo najdene tudi preko spletnega brskalnika Google Učenjak in COBISS. Starost literature zaradi pomanjkanja novejših in pomembnosti starejših raziskav ni bila omejena. Iskanje je potekalo med januarjem in majem 2018. Rezultati: Dojenje v nosečnosti ne povzroči plodovega zaostanka v rasti in ne predstavlja povečanega tveganja za splav ter prezgodnji porod. Avtorji navajajo, da novorojenček, ki se doji v tandemu, dovolj pridobiva na teži. Ugotovili so, da mati, ki doji v tandemu, ni podhranjena, a ji lahko primanjkujejo določene hranilne snovi. Razprava in zaključek: Dojenje ne predstavlja večjih tveganj za plod in mater, če nosečnost poteka normalno. Pri tem se morajo upoštevati omejitve raziskav, kot so majhen vzorec in drugi dejavniki, ki vplivajo na potek nosečnosti. Za zdravstvene delavce se določijo smernice, kako svetovati materi, ki v nosečnosti doji in dojenje nadaljuje v tandemu. Svetovati je potrebno tudi ustrezno prehrano, saj nosečnost in dojenje zahtevata veliko truda in energije.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:dojenje v tandemu, dojenje v nosečnosti, dojenje v nosečnosti in splav, podhranjenost mater
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Organization:ZF - University College of Health Studies
Year:2018
COBISS.SI-ID:5502059 Link is opened in a new window
Views:312
Downloads:256
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Breastfeeding during pregnancy and tandem breastfeeding : diploma work
Abstract:
Introduction: Breastfeeding is the basis for an emotional connection between the mother and the child; moreover, it offers the crucial nutrients for growth and development and is a source of comfort to the child. Some mothers decide to breastfeed during the pregnancy; and some even decide for tandem breastfeeding. Purpose: The purpose of the diploma thesis is to present breastfeeding during pregnancy and tandem breastfeeding to determine the effect of it on the fetus, newborn and mother. Methods: We used a descriptive research method. We searched for the literature in the international web database CINAHL with Full TEXT, Cohrane Library, MedLine (PubMed), Science Direct, COBISS and some literature was found through a web browser Google Scholar. The publication date of the literature was not limited, due to the lack of newer research and the importance of older research. Literature searches were conducted between January and May 2018. Results: Breastfeeding during the pregnancy does not cause infant growth retardation and nor does it represent an increased risk of abortion and premature birth. The authors also state that the newborn breastfed in the tandem breastfeeding, gains weight sufficiently. They concluded that a mother who is tandem breastfeeding is not undernourished; however, she might lack some nutrients. Discussion and conclusion: Breastfeeding does not represent a greater risk to the fetus and mother, if the pregnancy is normal. However, research limitations (such as a small sample) as well as other factors affecting the course of the pregnancy must also be taken into consideration. Health workers should get guidelines for giving advice to mothers breastfeeding during pregnancy and in tandem. It is advisable to provide adequate nutrition as the pregnancy and breastfeeding require a lot of effort and energy.

Keywords:tandem breastfeeding, tandem nursing, breastfeeding during pregnancy, pregnancy-lactation overlap, malnutrition of the lactating women

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