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Takojšen učinek elastičnih lepilnih trakov na statično ravnotežje pri zdravih osebah : diplomsko delo
Močnik, Teja (Author), Rugelj, Darja (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Uvod: Ravnotežje je sposobnost telesa, da ohranja težišče nad podporno ploskvijo. Za nadzor drže so pomembni viden, vestibularen in somatosenzoričen sistem. Propriocepcija in povrhnja senzibilnost sta del somatosenzoričnega sistema. Elastični lepilni trakovi lahko vzdražijo kožne mehanoreceptorje in preko somatosenzoričnega sistema vplivajo tudi na nadzorovanje ravnotežja. Namen: Ugotoviti, ali elastični lepilni trakovi, nalepljeni na m. tibialis anterior in m. gastrocnemius, vplivajo na statično ravnotežje pri zdravih mlajših in starejših posameznikih ter kakšne so razlike med učinkom trakov na mlajšo in starejšo skupino preiskovancev. Metode dela: Sodelovalo je 15 starejših in 11 mlajših žensk. Izvedli smo meritve mirne stoje s stopali skupaj na pritiskovni plošči najprej brez elastičnih lepilnih trakov na trdi podlagi z zaprtimi očmi in mehki podlagi z odprtimi. Nato smo oba testa ponovili še z nameščenimi elastičnimi lepilnimi trakovi. Trakove smo namestili na obe nogi s 5% nategom. Pri vseh štirih meritvah na pritiskovni plošči smo pri vsaki posameznici merili pot, ki jo opravi središče pritiska v medio-lateralni in antero-posteriorni smeri, hitrost ter ploščino, ki jo zariše gibanje središča pritiska. Rezultate smo nato obdelali s statističnim programom SPSS. Rezultati: Pri stoji s stopali skupaj z nameščenimi trakovi in brez njih ni bilo statistično pomembnih razlik ne glede na spremembo podlage in vidnega priliva niti glede na skupino. Tudi pri primerjavi skupin med seboj na trdi podlagi z zaprtimi očmi ni opaznih razlik. Se pa starejši in mlajši precej razlikujejo pri testu na mehki podlagi z odprtimi očmi. Središče pritiska starejših se pri testu na mehki podlagi z odprtimi očmi in brez trakov giblje s povprečno hitrostjo 3,61 cm/s, v medio-lateralni smeri v povprečju za 146,83 cm in v antero-posteriorni smeri za 127,19 cm, medtem ko se središče pritiska mlajših giblje s povprečno hitrostjo 2,18 cm/s, v medio-lateralni smeri v povprečju za 87,08 cm in v antero-posteriorni za 79,13 cm. Pri enakem testu vendar z nalepljenimi trakovi pa se središče pritiska starejših giblje s hitrostjo 3,51 cm/s in dosega povprečno 145,63 cm v medio-lateralni smeri ter 121,32 cm v antero-posterni. Središče pritiska mlajših pa se giblje s povprečno hitrostjo 2,3 cm/s, povprečno 93,03 cm v medio-lateralni smeri in 82,37 cm v antero-posteriorni smeri. Pri ploščini gibanja središča pritiska pa smo ugotovili statistično pomembne razlike med skupinama samo pri testu na mehki podlagi z odprtimi očmi in brez elastičnih lepilnih trakov. Povprečna ploščina starejših znaša 17,73 cm2, ploščina mlajših pa 10,25 cm2. Razprava in sklep: Rezultati kažejo, da elastični lepilni trakovi nimajo vpliva na gibanje središča pritiska med stojo s stopali skupaj. Med skupinama nismo ugotovili razlik o vplivu trakov, kot pričakovano pa so se pokazale statistično pomembne razlike v ohranjanju mirne stoje med mlajšo in starejšo skupino. Smiselno bi bilo raziskati vpliv elastičnih lepilnih trakov še pod ravnotežno zahtevnejšimi pogoji in z daljšim obdobjem namestitve trakov. Testirali bi lahko mlajše s stojo na eni nogi.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:statično ravnotežje, elastični lepilni trakovi, propriocepcija, aktivni starejši, študenti
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Organization:ZF - University College of Health Studies
Year:2018
COBISS.SI-ID:5500011 Link is opened in a new window
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Downloads:288
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Immediate effect of elastic adhesive tape on postural sway of healthy persons : final thesis
Abstract:
Introduction: Balance is an ability to maintain the center of gravity of the body above the base of support. To maintain equilibrium we use the information from the visual, vestibular and somatosensory system, a part of which are also the proprioception and superficial sensitivity. Elastic adhesive tapes can stimulate cutaneous mechanoreceptors and thus affect postural control through somatosensory system. Purpose: The determine whether elastic adhesive tapes applied to the m. tibialis anterior and m. gastrocnemius affect static balance of healthy younger and older individuals, and discover what are the differences in the effect of tapes between the younger and older groups. Methods: There were 15 older and 11 younger women participating. We performed measurements of the quiet stance with feet placed together on the pressure plate on a hard and soft surface with and without elastic adhesive tapes. The strips were placed on both legs with a 5% tension. In all four tests we measured an individual's medio-lateral and antero-posterior path, speed and area of movement of the center of pressure. The results were processed with a statistical program SPSS. Results: There are no differences between tests with and without elastic adhesive tapes on solid surface, neither in the younger nor the older group. The are no noticeable differences on solid surface when comparing groups. Although there are differences in maintaining balance on a soft surface. In the test on soft surface with eyes open and standing without elastic tapes, elderly's pressure center moved with an average speed of 3,61cm/s, 146,83 cm in medio-lateral path and 127,19 in antero-posterior. Younger group's pressure center moved with an average speed of 2,18 cm/s, 87,08 cm in medio-lateral path and 79,13 in antero-posterior. In the same test, but with elastic tapes, elderly's pressure center moved with an average speed of 3,51 cm/s, 145,63 cm in medio-lateral path and 121,32 in antero-posterior. Younger group's pressure center moved with an average speed of 2,3 cm/s, 93,03 cm in medio-lateral path and 82,37 in antero-posterior. We found statistically significant differences in the area of movement of the pressure center between groups only when standing on soft surface without tapes. The average of the elderly's area of movement is 17,73cm2, and the average of younger group's area is 10,25 cm2. Discussion and conclusion: The results have shown that elastic adhesive tapes do not influence the movement of the pressure center when standing with feet together. There are no differences in the effect of tapes between groups, but as expected we have found statistically significant differences in the maintenance of the quiet stance between the elderly and the younger group. Additional studies are necessary to explore the effect of elastic adhesive tapes under more demanding conditions and with a longer application period of the tapes. For example, to test a group of younger individuals with a single leg balance test and with a few days lasting application of the tape.

Keywords:static balance, elastic adhesive tapes, proprioception, active elderly, students

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