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Pomen promocije duševnega zdravja pri zmanjševanju stigme oseb z duševno motnjo v družbi : diplomsko delo
Kraljič, Tanja (Author), Peterka Novak, Jožica (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Lapanja, Aljoša (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Uvod: Duševno zdravje je pomemben del našega življenja. Pomeni, da je posameznik sposoben samostojno živeti in se ustrezno spopadati s težavami, pred katere ga postavlja življenje. Osebe z duševno motnjo so še vedno stigmatizirane. Stigma negativno vpliva na trenutno stanje posameznika in na njegovo zdravljenje ter kasnejšo rehabilitacijo. Pri zmanjševanju stigme ima pomembno vlogo promocija duševnega zdravja, saj se s pomočjo ozaveščanja ljudi povečuje njihovo znanje in razumevanje stanja posameznikov z duševno motnjo. Zdravstvena nega na področju duševnega zdravja ima pomembno vlogo pri spodbujanju k pozitivnemu duševnemu zdravju, sodelovanju pri zdravljenju in rehabilitaciji. Namen: Namen diplomskega dela je opredeliti pomen promocije duševnega zdravja pri zmanjševanju vpliva stigme v širši družbi in raziskati potenciale, ki jih ima pri tem zdravstvena nega. Metode dela: Diplomsko delo je bilo napisano s pomočjo deskriptivne metode dela. Za iskanje tuje in domače literature so bile uporabljene različne podatkovne baze, in sicer Pubmed/Medline, ScienceDirect, CINAHL, Google Učenjak, Kooperativni online bibliografski sistem COBISS.SI ter digitalna knjižnica Univerze v Ljubljani (DiKUL). Uporabljenih je bilo 33 tujih in slovenskih člankov v obdobju od leta 2005 do leta 2018. Rezultati: Stigma osebam z duševno motnjo otežuje zaposlovanje, neodvisno življenje ter zdravje. S pomočjo marketinških kampanj so dosegli minimalno zmanjšanje stigme v širši družbi. Pri promociji duševnega zdravja imajo pomembno vlogo medicinske sestre. S promocijo duševnega zdravja se ozavesti več ljudi in tako se posledično zmanjša možnost stigmatiziranja oseb z duševnimi motnjami. Razprava in zaključek: Stigmatiziranje oseb z duševno motnjo ima negativne posledice, zato je potrebno na sistemski ravni kontinuirano izvajati aktivnosti za promocijo duševnega zdravja in ozaveščanje širše javnosti.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:destigmatizacija, zdravstvena vzgoja, psihiatrija, tabu
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Organization:ZF - University College of Health Studies
Year:2018
COBISS.SI-ID:5501547 Link is opened in a new window
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Downloads:576
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:The importance of mental health promotion for decreasing stigma of patients with mental health disorder in society : diploma work
Abstract:
Introduction: Mental health is an important part of our lives. It means that an individual is able to live independently and to deal appropriately with the problems that he faces in his life. People with mental disorders are still stigmatized. Stigma has a negative impact on the current state of the individual, his treatment, and subsequent rehabilitation. The promotion of mental health has an important role. By raising the awareness of people with regard to this issue, we boost their knowledge and understanding of the state of individuals with mental disorders, which leads to fewer stigmas. Psychiatric nursing plays an important role in promoting positive mental health and cooperating in treatment and rehabilitation. Purpose: The purpose of the diploma work is to define the importance of mental health promotion for decreasing stigma in the wider society. Methods: The thesis was written with a descriptive method of work. Foreign and home literature was searched through various databases, such as Pubmed/Medline, ScienceDirect, CINAHL, Google Scholar, COBISS.SI Cooperative Online Bibliographic System and the Digital Library of the University of Ljubljana (DiKUL). The thesis contains 33 Slovenian and foreign articles in the time period from 2005 to 2018. Results: Stigma interferes with employment, independent living, and health of people with mental health disorder. With the help of marketing campaigns, they achieved minor improvements in destigmatization in the wider society. In the promotion of mental health, the nurses have an important role. It is achieved with mental health promotion that more people are aware of it and, consequently, the possibility of stigmatizing people with mental disorders is reduced. Discussion and conclusion: Stigmatizing people with mental disorders has negative consequences. Therefore, it is necessary to continuously perform activities of mental health promotion at the systemic level and raise the awareness of the general public.

Keywords:destigmatization, health education, psychiatry, taboo

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