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Kiralnost v aktivnih nematikih
Marinčič, Matevž (Author), Ravnik, Miha (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Aktivni kiralni nematik je sistem samo-gibajočih gradnikov z vgrajeno kiralnostjo, ki so sposobni pretvoriti energijo v mikro-gibanje in s tem voditi sistem stran od termodinamskega ravnovesja. V magistrskem delu z numeričnimi simulacijami raziščem vpliv kiralnosti na aktivni nematik v dveh in treh dimenzijah ter v različnih ograjenih geometrijah. Simulacija temelji na z aktivnostjo razširjenim Beris-Edwardsovem modelu nematodinamike, ki ga rešujemo s hibridno mrežno Boltzmannovo metodo. Osrednja mehanizma, ki jih študiramo, sta kiralni člen v elastični energiji ter aktivni členo v napetostnem tenzorju. Izračunamo stacionarno aktivno stanje v prosti periodično zaključeni celici, kvazi-2D sistemu in ob valoviti površini. Opazimo, da kiralnost vpliva na aktivno stanje, saj vsiljuje zvojni tip deformacije, ki ni izvor aktivnih napetosti. S tem efektivno zmanjša povprečno hitrost v sistemu in umiri aktivno turbulenco, kar se najbolj pozna pri zmernih aktivnostih. Disklinacijske linije v 3D kiralnih sistemih izgubijo lokalno strukturo $+1/2$ defekta, kar praviloma upočasni dinamiko. V kvazi-2D sistemih poleg nematskega režima in aktivne turbulence pri visoki kiralnosti opazimo nastanek aktivnih skirmionskih mrež z značilnim vrtinčnim hitrostnim profilom. V ograjenih geometrijah pri zmernih aktivnostih opazimo stabilne defekte, aktivni turbulentni režim pri visokih aktivnostih pa je neodvisen od robnih pogojev. Opisano delo je prispevek k razumevanju aktivnih snovi, posebej tekočin, kar je danes svetovno široko in razvijajoče področje raziskav.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:aktivna snov, kiralni nematik, skirmionska mreža, topološki defekti, neravnovesna fizika, mrežna Boltzmannova metoda
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Tipology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:FMF - Faculty of Mathematics and Physics
Year:2018
COBISS.SI-ID:3259492 Link is opened in a new window
Views:544
Downloads:215
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Chiral active matter
Abstract:
Active chiral nematics are composed of a large number of self-locomoting constituents with inherently incorporated chirality, which are capable of converting the energy into motion, thereby driving the system out of thermodynamical equilibrium. In this Master's thesis we explore the effect of chiralty in active nematics in 2 or 3 dimensions and different confined geometries using numerical simulations. The simulations are based on the Beris-Edwards model of nematodynamics adapted for activity, which is solved using the hybrid lattice-Boltzmann method. In the model, especially, we explore the role of the additional chiral term in the elastic energy and the active term in the stress tensor. The stationary active states were explored in different systems, including in a free cell with periodic boundary conditions in a quasi-2D system and near an undulated surface. We show that chirality affects the active state as it imposes twist deformations, which are not a source of active stress. Thereby, the average velocity in the system is effectively reduced and active turbulence is less pronounced which is most noticable in the case of moderate activity. Typically, the disclination lines in 3D chiral systems no longer have the local structure of a $+1/2$ defect, but acquire local components of twist disclination, which slows their dynamics. In the case of quasi-2D systems we observe the formation of active skyrmion lattices with characteristic velocity profiles in addition to the nematic regime and active turbulence. In restricted geometries, we observe stable defects at moderate activity, while active turbulent regime at high activities is observed regardless of the boundary conditions. The demonstrated work is a contribution towards understanding active materials, especially active nematic fluids, which are today a world broad and rapidly growing field of research.

Keywords:active matter, chiral nematic, skyrmion lattice, topological defect, nonequilibrium physics, hybrid lattice-Boltzmann method

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