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Kompresijske nogavice v nosečnosti : diplomsko delo
Rus, Klara (Author), Divjak, Mojca (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Uvod: Nosečnost, porod in poporodni čas so fiziološka obdobja v rodni dobi ženske, povezana v celoto. V nosečnosti se žensko telo prilagaja, da otroku omogoči sobivanje. Za to so potrebne številne fiziološke spremembe, ki jih ne pojmujemo kot bolezenske. Te spremembe lahko povzročijo nastanek različnih venskih motenj, kot so občutek neugodja, bolečine in edemi v spodnjih udih, razvoj varic ter trombembolitični zapleti. Namen: Namen diplomskega dela je na enem mestu zbrati in predstaviti kompresijske nogavice v nosečnosti. Metode dela: V diplomskem delu smo uporabili deskriptivno metodo s sistematičnim pregledom literature. Pri iskanju smo uporabili časovni okvir, in sicer od leta 1995 do 2016. Literatura je bila iskana v angleškem jeziku s ključnimi besedami swelling AND gestation AND veins AND blood pressure in v slovenskem jeziku s ključnimi besedami otekanje, gestacija, vene in krvni tlak, v podatkovnih bazah PubMed, Medline in CINAHL. V analizo pa smo na podlagi kriterijev vključili samo 3 članke. Rezultati: Z nošenjem kompresijskih nogavic se je funkcija venske črpalke izboljšala in čas polnjenja ven se je podaljšal. Ultrazvočna preiskava je pokazala povečano hitrost krvnega pretoka v površinski stegenski veni. Rezultati kažejo, da se z rednim nošenjem kompresijskih nogavic izboljša venska hemodinamika nog in zmanjša pojavnost trombembolitičnih zapletov med nosečnostjo in po porodu. Razprava in zaključek: Študije so pokazale, da so kompresijske nogavice izboljšale venski pretok iz nog v času nosečnosti in s tem preprečevale nastanek tromboze pri nosečnicah z visokim tveganjem. Ugotovili so, da vsakodnevna uporaba kompresijskih nogavic blagodejno vpliva na neprijetne občutke v nogah in da tudi nosečnice kompresijsko terapijo dobro sprejemajo. Ključne besede: otekanje, gestacija, vene in krvni tlak.  

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:otekanje, gestacija, vene, krvni tlak
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Organization:ZF - University College of Health Studies
Year:2018
COBISS.SI-ID:5496171 This link opens in a new window
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Downloads:240
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Compression stockings in pregnancy : diploma work
Abstract:
Introduction: Pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum time are physiological periods in woman's fertility age, all connected in a whole. In pregnancy, the female body adapts to allow the child to coexist. For that to happen, a lot of physiological changes are needed, which we do not consider as an illness. All of those changes can cause different venous disorders, such as feeling discomfort, pain and edema in the lower limbs, development of varices and thromboembolic complications. Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to gather and present information about wearing compression stockings in pregnancy. Methods: In the thesis, we used a critical review of the domestic and foreign professional literature as the basic instrument for the data collection. We used a descriptive method. We searched various databases, such as PubMed, Medline and CINAHL, and we included freely accessible articles. The criteria for the inclusion of the literature were: full text availability, researches involving humans and articles, published between 1995 and 2016 in Slovenian and English language. Results: By wearing compression stockings, the function of the venous pump improved and the filling time was prolonged. An ultrasound examination showed an increased rate of blood flow in a surface thigh vein. The results show that regular wearing compression stockings improves vein hemodynamics of the legs and reduces the incidence of thromboembolic complications during pregnancy and postpartum. Discussion and conclusion: Studies have shown that compression stockings have improved the venous flow of the leg during pregnancy, thus preventing thrombosis in women with high-risk pregnancy. We found, that daily use of compression stockings has a beneficial effect on the unpleasant sensations in the legs, and also that the pregnant women are accepting the compression therapy well. Keywords: swelling, gestation, veins and blood pressure.

Keywords:swelling, gestation, veins, blood pressure

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