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VADBA PO ZDRSU MEDVRETENČNE PLOŠČICE : diplomsko delo
Podlogar, Miha (Author), Hadžić, Vedran (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Zdrs medvretenčne ploščice prizadene velik del populacije in je eden izmed glavnih vzrokov za bolečine v ledvenem delu hrbtenice. Simptomi so lahko tako hudi, da onemogočajo opravljanje vsakodnevnih aktivnosti, zato je pomembno, da izberemo pravilen in učinkovit pristop k zdravljenju. V diplomski nalogi smo želeli poiskati najnovejša dognanja s področja rehabilitacije. Najprej nas je zanimalo kateri mehanizmi so tisti, ki privedejo do zdrsa medvretenčne ploščice. Nato smo pogledali različne protokole zdravljenja in želeli odkriti kateri je najučinkovitejši. Velik poudarek smo dali na raziskovanje intenzivnejših in agresivnejših pristopov. Preko pregleda literature smo prišli do sledečih spoznanj. Obstaja veliko različnih protokolov. Med najbolj zastopane spadajo vaje za stabilizacijo trupa in vaje za povečanje moči ekstenzorjev hrbta. Izkazalo se je, da sta oba pristopa zelo učinkovita. Največ doprineseta v smislu hitrega okrevanja in sposobnosti opravljanja vsakodnevnih aktivnosti. Kratkoročno so se intenzivni programi, ki se začnejo 4 do 6 tednov po operaciji izkazali za zelo učinkovite z vidika hitrejšega okrevanja in vračanja na delo. Dolgoročno pa so se vsi programi izkazali za podobno učinkovite. Ugotovili smo, da se je pri pripravi programa potrebno ciljno usmeriti v reševanje težav, ki so privedle do poškodbe. Vadbo je potrebno individualizirati in postopoma povečevati obremenitev. Izobraževanje vadečega predstavlja zelo pomemben del rehabilitacije. Zaključimo lahko, da so nam izsledki raziskav dali informacijo o veliki raznolikosti programov, ki so ustrezni pri zdravljenju. Ne obstaja samo en učinkovit protokol, ampak lahko izbiramo med številnimi možnostmi. Avtorji se nekoliko bolj nagibajo k izbiri intenzivnih programov, saj so kratkoročno bolj učinkoviti.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:hernija, mišice, rehabilitacija, vadba, stabilizacijske vaje
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:FŠ - Faculty of Sport
Year:2018
COBISS.SI-ID:5436593 Link is opened in a new window
Views:230
Downloads:97
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Exercises program after disc herniation
Abstract:
Disc herniation affects a large part of the human population. It is one of the leading causes of the low back pain. Symptoms can be so severe, that enables affected person from participating in daily activities. Therefore, it is important to apply programs, that are sufficient and effective. The purpose of this study was to present the latest findings around disc herniation rehabilitation. Firstly, we wanted to examine which mechanisms are the leading cause. Then we researched different exercise protocols and wanted to determine which one is the most suitable. We gave more attention towards Through reviews of literature we came to the following conclusions. There are many different types of protocols. The most common were stabilization exercises and exercises that focus on back extensors strength. Both were efficient in terms of faster recovery and return into daily activities. Short-therm it was found out that intensive programs, that started 4 to 6 weeks post-op, tend to be more efficient compering to less intensive programs. Patients recovered faster and being able to go back to work faster. Long-term, there was no significant difference between the intensive and We suggest that rehabilitation program should be goal oriented, preventing recurrence of injuries. Individualization and progression of the exercises should be provided. Education is also an important part of rehabilitation. To conclude, we found out that there are many different approaches when dealing with disc herniation. We have an option to choose from a variety of different programs. Newest researches suggest that intensive, aggressive programs might be better to choose.

Keywords:disc herniation, muscles, rehabilitation, exercises, stabilization exercises

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