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Načelo pravične in razumne uporabe v mednarodnem pravu čezmejnih vodonosnikov
Burkeljc, Matic (Author), Sancin, Vasilka (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Načelo pravične in razumne uporabe je eno izmed temeljnih načel mednarodnega vodnega prava, širše pa je v mednarodnem pravu uveljavljeno tudi kot osnovno pravilo, ki ureja uporabo deljenih naravnih virov. Med slednje spadajo tudi čezmejni vodonosniki, podzemne geološke strukture, ki služijo kot nosilci 97% Zemljinih odtaljenih zalog sveže vode v obliki podzemnih voda. Podzemne vode so najbolj izkoriščan naravni vir na Svetu, a države se, zlasti v medsebojnih odnosih, le redko odločajo za pravno urejanje (uporabe) tega za človeka nenadomestljivega življenskega vira. To je v prvi vrsti posledica znanstvene kompleksnosti fenomena podzemnih voda, ki je le stežka poenostavljen za potrebe pravnega urejanja, pa tudi izrazito poudarjene ozemeljske suverenosti, ki jo nad podzemnimi vodnimi viri izvršujejo države. Prav zaradi tega v mednarodnem pravu obstaja nejasnost, ali in v kolikšni meri je možno načelo pravične in razumne uporabe uporabiti tudi za čezmejne vodonosnike. Magistrsko delo se posledično ne omeji zgolj na opis načela pravične in razumne uporabe, ampak k problematiki pristopa večplastno. Načelo namreč umesti v širši pravni okvir mednarodnega vodnega prava in deljenih naravnih virov, kjer ugotavlja, ali le-ta predstavlja nedvomno omejitev izvrševanju državne suverenosti. Pri tem ves čas upošteva hidrogeološke posebnosti podzemnih voda, ureditev na relevantnih mestih primerja s pravom površinskih voda, posebno pozornost pa namenja tudi sodni praksi (mednarodnih) sodišč in tribunalov, še posebej Meddržavnega sodišča v Haagu.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:Podzemne vode, (čezmejni) vodonosnik, ozemeljska suverenost, deljeni naravni viri, načelo pravične in razumne uporabe
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Organization:PF - Faculty of Law
Year:2018
COBISS.SI-ID:16367185 Link is opened in a new window
Views:568
Downloads:210
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:The Principle of Equitable and Reasonable Utilization in the International Law of Transboundary Aquifers
Abstract:
The principle of equitable and reasonable utilization is widely accepted as one of the fundamental principles of international water law and is additionally regarded as a guiding principle in utilization of shared natural resources in general. Underground geological formations, known as (transboundary) aquifers contain groundwaters that make up approximately 97% of all the non-frozen fresh water resources available on the planet. In result, groundwater is the single most extracted natural resource in the world. Despite mankind’s immense reliance on this resource, States only occasionally enter into international agreements regulating the utilization of transboundary aquifers as they rarely possess adequate scientific and technical information to do so. Furthermore, States often regard aquifers and groundwaters contained therein as subject to their exclusive territorial sovereignty. This raises questions if and to what extent is the principle of equitable and reasonable utilization applicable to transboundary aquifers. In providing answers, the Thesis does not merely define the principle of equitable and reasonable utilization of transboundary aquifers, but takes a multidimensional approach. To this end, it places the principle into a wider legal framework by overviewing relevant international agreements and by discussing the possible limitations to State sovereignty over shared water resources. Simultaneously, the Thesis suggests that the peculiarities of groundwaters require a sui generis legal regime, different from the one applicable to surface water resources. Where relevant, special consideration is also given to the jurisprudence of (international) courts and tribunals, with special emphasis on the case-law of the International Court of Justice.

Keywords:Groundwater, (transboundary) aquifer, territorial sovereignty, shared natural resources, the principle of equitable and reasonable utilization

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