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Dendromorfološka analiza poplav v bližini Kostanjevice na Krki
ID Centa, Matic (Author), ID Šmuc, Andrej (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, ID Čenčur Curk, Barbara (Co-mentor)

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Abstract
Kostanjevica na Krki je v zadnjem desetletju znana po vedno obsežnejših poplavah, kar je pritegnilo pozornost strokovnjakov, raziskovalcev in tudi novinarjev. Po gradnji hidroelektrarne Krško so Kostanjevico na Krki začele pestiti še hujše poplave kot v prejšnjih letih. To je bil povod za začetek hidroloških raziskav in podrobnejših meritev padavin ter vodotokov. V sklopu različnih projektov so želeli zaščititi okolico in ljudi pred poplavami ter ublažiti posledice z gradnjo protipoplavnih nasipov, natančnejših merilcev in kanalov za hitrejše odtekanje vode. Ob gradnji nove hidroelektrarne Brežice so se ponovno odprla nova vprašanja o problematiki poplav spodnjega dela reke Krke v okolici Kostanjevice. Poleg pogostih metod, kot so merjenje količin padavin in spremljanje stanj vodotokov rek, se za tovrstne raziskave lahko uporablja tudi dendromorfološka metoda. V Sloveniji so tovrstno metodo začeli prakticirati z namenom proučevanjem plazov in drobirskih tokov (Novak, 2017), v tujini pa se pogosteje uporablja tudi za raziskovanje preteklih poplav ogroženih območij (Stoffel in Wilford, 2012). V svoji diplomski nalogi sem uporabil dendromorfološko metodo. Temelji na drevesnih letnicah, ki jih izvrtamo s pomočjo ročnega vrtalnika iz drevesa. S proučevanjem različnih parametrov letnic lahko namreč rekonstruiramo tudi pretekle klimatske razmere in v primeru poplav iz poškodb na drevesih izvemo tudi višino vode med poplavami (Fritts, 1976). Vsi izvrtani vzorci so bili vzeti iz dreves rodu vrb (Salix), ki se najpogosteje pojavljajo na raziskovanem območju. Moja raziskava je pokazala, da so zaradi svoje hidrofilnosti omenjena drevesa bolj primerna za prepoznavanje sušnih obdobij, ki vrbe bolj prizadenejo kot denimo manjše poplave. Med izrazitejša sušna obdobja štejem leta 1999, 2001, 2003 in 2011. S pomočjo podatkov iz ARSO sem primerjal tudi pretoke pred izgradnjo HE Krško, po izgradnji ter pred in po zgraditvi protipoplavnih infrastruktur na reki Krki v bližini Kostanjevice na Krki. Izkazalo se je, da je od izgradnje HE Krško preteklo premalo časa, da bi se lahko videli dolgoročni vplivi na višino reke Krke.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:dendromorfologija, poplave, suše, Krka, Kostanjevica na Krki, Krško polje
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Organization:NTF - Faculty of Natural Sciences and Engineering
Year:2018
COBISS.SI-ID:1430366 This link opens in a new window
Publication date in RUL:21.09.2018
Views:766
Downloads:259
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:A dendrogeomorphological analysis of flood events in vicinity of Kostanjevica na Krki
Abstract:
Kostanjevica na Krki has been known for its ever-increasing floods in the last decade, which has attracted the attention of experts, researchers and journalists. After the construction of the Krško hydro power plant, Kostanjevica na Krki started to suffer from even worse flooding than in previous years. This was the reason for the launch of hydrological research and more detailed measurements of precipitation and watercourses. Within the framework of various projects, they wanted to protect the environment and people from flooding and to mitigate the consequences by building flood dikes, more precise gauges and channels for faster water drainage. During the construction of the new hydroelectric power plant Brežice, new questions about the flooding of the lower part of the Krka River in the vicinity of Kostanjevica were re-opened. In addition to frequent methods such as measuring the amount of precipitation and monitoring the conditions of riverside rivers, a dendromorphological method can also be used for such research. In Slovenia, this method began to be practiced with the aim of studying avalanches and debris flows (Novak, 2017), while abroad it is also more frequently used for researching past floods of endangered areas (Stoffel and Wilford, 2012). In my graduation thesis I used the dendromorphological method. It is based on tree rings, which we drill through a hand drill from a tree. By studying different parameters of the rings, we can also reconstruct the past climatic conditions and, in the case of floods from damage to trees, we also learn about the height of water during floods (Fritts 1976). All of the drilled samples were taken from the willow genus (Salix), which are most commonly found in the investigated area. My research has shown that, due to their hydrophilicity, these trees are more suitable for recognizing drought periods that will stronger affect willows than smaller floods. Among the more pronounced drought periods were years 1999, 2001, 2003 and 2011. I used data from the ARSO to compare the flows before and after the construction of the HE Krško and before and after the construction of flood protection infrastructures on the Krka River near Kostanjevica na Krki. It turned out that since the construction of the HE Krško, there has been too little time to see the long-term impacts on the height of the Krka River.

Keywords:dendromorphology, floods, drought, Krka River, Kostanjevica na Krka, Krško polje

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