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Dobrobit konj za preskakovanje ovir
Mrak, Ajda (Author), Jordan, Dušanka (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Preskakovanje ovir s konjem je danes najbolj popularen konjeniški šport v svetu in tudi v Sloveniji. Fizične in psihične obremenitve konj za preskakovanje ovir pa lahko resno ogrozijo njihovo fizično in mentalno stanje in posledično ogrozijo njihovo dobrobit. V nalogi smo se zato osredotočili na opis povprečnega življenja konj za preskakovanje ovir ter na poškodbe, s katerimi se pri njih najpogosteje. Njihova kariera traja približno od četrtega do dvajsetega leta starosti. Najpogostejše fizične poškodbe zaradi skokov čez ovire so tendinitis, poškodba srednje medkostne mišice, meniskusa, kolena, zlom pogačice, osteoartritis in artritis nartnega sklepa. Pri konjih za preskakovanje ovir se srečamo tudi s stereotipijami, kot so hlapanje, tkanje, grizenje lesa, samopoškodovanje, kroženje po boksu, hoja gor in dol ob ograji, stresanje z glavo, brcanje v steno in kontinuirano kopanje po tleh in vrtenje jezika, ki so lahko posledica stresa, frustracije, prezgodnje odstavitve, števila treningov, krmljenja, nastanitve, novega okolja in pomanjkanja druženja z drugimi konji. Z intervjujem nekdanje in trenutne lastnice smo se seznanili s tremi konji, ki so v preskakovanju ovir tekmovali šest do osem let, zdaj pa bivajo na ranču Kaja in Grom. Vsak od njih nosi fizične (hrbtna lordoza) ali psihične posledice (hlapanje, agresija), ki so lahko posledica tekmovanj. Hrbtno lordozo blažijo z utrjevanjem hrbtnih mišic, požiranje zraka pri hlapanju preprečujejo z najlonskim pasom, nameščenim na vratu, agresijo pa jim je uspelo v veliki meri omejiti z ustreznim rokovanjem.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:konji, šport, preskakovanje ovir, dobrobit živali
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Year:2018
COBISS.SI-ID:4133256  Link is opened in a new window
Views:353
Downloads:272
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:The welfare of show jumping horses
Abstract:
Show jumping is currently the most popular equestrian sport in the world and also in Slovenia. Show jumping can seriously jeopardize horses’ physical and mental state and consequently negatively affect their welfare. In this thesis, we describe average life of horses, used for show jumping competitions and the injuries they most often encounter. Horses compete in show jumping between four and twenty years of age. The most common physical injuries due to show jumping are tendinitis, damage of suspensory ligament, meniscus, knee, patella fracture, osteoarthritis and arthritis of the hock. Show jumping horses encounter also stereotypes such as cribbing, weaving, wood chewing, self-mutilation, circling in the box, walking up and down the fence, shaking with the head, kicking in the wall and pawing the ground and tongue rolling. These stereotypes may be caused by stress, frustration, premature weaning, number of trainings, feeding, accommodation, a new environment and isolation. Interviewing former and current owner, we became acquainted with three horses that competed between six and eight years in show jumping. Currently the hoses are staying at the ranch Kaja and Grom. Each of them carries physical (swayed back) or psychological consequences (cribbing, aggression) that may be caused by competitions. Swayed back is mitigated by training the back muscles, swallowing the air during cribbing is prevented by the nylon band located on the neck. Aggression has been largely limited by proper handling.

Keywords:horses, sport, show jumping, animal welfare

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