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Vprašanje človekove odgovornosti znotraj pojava množičnega nasilja: poskus razlage na primeru Eichmann : diplomsko seminarsko delo
Vidic, Simon (Author), Pevec Rozman, Mateja (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Vedno aktualno vprašanje nasilja se zaostruje v modernih časih neskončnega napredka znanosti, ki ima poleg blaginje in udobja za človeka pogosto tudi negativne posledice. Odmik človeka od lastnega nematerialnega bistva se nam razkriva na primeru Adolfa Eichmanna, člana nacistične organizacije, ki je iznašla in vzpostavila sistem množičnega nasilja, sicer pa dobrega uradnika in zvestega izvrševalca ukazov. S stališča, da je človek v osnovi dobro in svobodno bitje, se diplomsko delo dotika njegovega smotra delovanja v takih okoliščinah, njegove morale in hotenja ter poskuša dokazati in opredeliti njegovo odgovornost. Delo temelji na dogodkih množičnega nasilja med drugo svetovno vojno in na Eichmannovem procesu v Jeruzalemu desetletje in pol pozneje. Oblikovano tematsko skuša opredeliti človeka kot moralno bitje in prikazati njegovo spremembo, ki nastopi z uveljavitvijo totalitarnega družbenega sistema. Dalje skuša opozoriti na nezdružljivost strogega formalizma z občimi moralnimi načeli, kar je bila, ravno nasprotno, ena izmed glavnih teženj totalitarizma. Pri tem se materializacija zla pokaže kot banalna, saj lahko doseže povsem normalnega in povprečnega človeka, ki je naenkrat pri najboljši volji pripravljen izvajati nasilje. Zaključek se zato približuje tezi, da je moralna brezbrižnost pogosto posledica egoizma in nepremišljenosti, kar pa ne odvrača od odgovornosti do lastne in druge osebe, saj je nasilje vedno samodestruktivno, iz česar sledi, da morala nikakor ni pasiven pojem.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:Adolf Eichmann, človekova odgovornost, morala, svobodna volja, množično nasilje, totalitarizem, banalnost zla.
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:TEOF - Theological Faculty
Year:2018
Publisher:[S. Vidic]
Number of pages: IV, 29 str.
UDC:111.84:341.322.5
COBISS.SI-ID:7965018 Link is opened in a new window
Views:288
Downloads:143
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:The issue of human responsibility within the phenomenon of mass violence: an attempt of interpretation in the case of Eichmann
Abstract:
The ever-topical issue of violence is sharpening in the modern era of boundless scientific advancements that do not only promote the overall well-being and comfort, but they also often negatively affect the individual. The alieniation of the individual from their own immaterial essence is reflected in the case of Adolph Eichmann, a successful official, a dedicated executor of orders, and a member of the Nazi Party which invented and established a system of mass violence. Based on the assumption that each human being is intrinsically good-natured and free, the current BA thesis addresses their motives under the given circumstances, their morality and their aspiration, and it also attempts to prove and assess their responsibility. The thesis is based on a series of incidents of mass violence occurring during the Second World War and during the Eichmann trial in Jerusalem, appearing a decade and a half later. Based on the thematic concept the thesis tries to identify the individual as a moral being and reveal their inner change resulting from the enforcement of the totalitarian regime. In the continuation it attempts to highlight the incompatibility of strict formalism with general moral principles, which contrastingly represented one of the tendencies of totalitarianism. At this point the materialization of evil is reflected as a banal phenomenon since it may affect an ordinary, average individual who is suddenly firmly determined to commit violence. For this reason the conclusion closely relates to the hypothesis that moral indifference often stems from egoism and thoughtlessness, which, however, does not relieve the individual of their responsibility towards themselves and towards others, since violence always constitutes a self-destructive act, which consequently indicates that morality is definitely not a passive concept.

Keywords:Adolph Eichmann, human responsibility, morality, free will, genocide, totalitarianism, banality of evil.

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