The introductory part of the master thesis presents the structure and importance of scintillation detectors, overviews the types of scintillation materials and evaluates the efficiency for detection of various incoming particles. After listing the key features of typical scintillation materials, such as the specific intensity of the output light signal and the most frequent applications, the thesis lists some possibilities for optical coupling and continues with the historical development of photoelectric converters, focusing on the structure and operation of a photomultiplier.
The main part begins with motivational arguments for building a scintillation flash simulator. In addition to specifications for such a device there are also descriptions of the electronic design procedures, selection criteria for the most suitable components, results of the measurements of its operating characteristics and instructions for use. The rest of the technical documentation is collected in the appendices.
The results of the measurements are analysed with a standard digital signal processing method for detector signals. Finally, we propose a compensation of its response to a random burst of light pulses with exponentially diminishing tails.