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Meritev spektralne občutljivosti človeške mrežnice z elektroretinografijo in svetlobnim sintetizatorjem
Petrič, Metka (Author), Belušič, Gregor (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Šuštar, Maja (Co-mentor)

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Abstract
Zaznavanje barv pri človeku omogoča primerjava odzivov treh razredov svetlobnih čutnic ali fotoreceptorjev, ki imajo različne spektralne občutljivosti. Okvara ali izguba enega ali več razredov čepnic privede do okvare barvnega vida ali barvne slepote, ki prizadene znaten delež populacije. Odkrivamo jo s psihofizičnimi testi barvnega vida, kar pa je subjektivna metoda. Elektroretinografija (ERG) je neinvazivna metoda, s katero lahko kvantitativno in objektivno preučujemo odzive različnih sistemov čepnic, vendar pa meritev spektralne občutljivosti z ERG zaradi zahtevnosti merjenja še ni uveljavljena v kliniki. Za to meritev smo izdelali LED svetlobni sintetizator, ki temelji na sintezi svetlobe monokromatskih LED sijalk s pomočjo uklonske mrežice. Naprava je omogočila meritev odziva na ves spekter v manj kot sekundi ter hitro in zanesljivo povprečevanje velikega števila odzivov. Meritve šestih preiskovancev z normalnim barvnim vidom so se skladale z znanimi podatki o fotopični funkciji. Pri dveh preiskovancih z okvaro vida smo opazili odstopanje krivulje, ki se je skladalo z vrsto okvare. Pri protanomalu je prišlo do zmanjšanja občutljivosti v spektru nad 550 nm, pri devteranomalu pa med 470 in 540 nm. ERG meritev spektralne občutljivosti s svetlobnim sintetizatorjem se je izkazala kot hitra in objektivna metoda za opredelitev čepničnega sistema in kaže potencialno uporabnost v diagnostične namene pri zaznavanju okvar barvnega vida.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:Čepnični sistem / okvara barvnega vida / elektroretinografija / spektralna občutljivost / LED svetlobni sintetizator
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Year:2018
Views:559
Downloads:188
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Secondary language

Language:Unknown
Title:Spectral sensitivity of human retina measured with electroretinography and light synthesiser
Abstract:
Colour discrimination in humans is accomplished by comparing the information from three different photoreceptor classes with distinct spectral sensitivities. Alternation or loss of one or more photoreceptor classes results in colour vision deficiency or colour blindness that affects a significant proportion of population. Its diagnosis is based on rather subjective psychophysical tests. Electroretinography (ERG) is a noninvasive and objective method for the quantitative description of cone system functionality, but no standardisation for clinical use has been made. Thus, we developed a light source, based on the synthesis of monochromatic light emitting diodes by means of a diffraction grating (LED light synthesiser), which enables spectral sensitivity measurements in less than one second with fast and reliable averaging of a large number of responses. Spectral sensitivity curves were obtained in six healthy subjects and two with colour vision deficiencies. The sensitivity curves of all healthy subjects tightly matched the photopic luminosity function standards. In subjects with colour vision deficiency, a clear deviation of curve was observed, consistent with the type of colour vision defect. Protan-type subject showed a decrease in sensitivity above 550 nm and deutan-type subject between 470 and 540 nm. The ERG spectral sensitivity measurement with the newly developed LED light synthesizer allows a fast and objective definition of human cone sensitivity and is expected to be a sensitive test for the evaluation of colour vision deficiencies.

Keywords:Cone system / colour vision deficiency / electroretinography / spectral sensitivity / LED light synthesiser

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