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Osip med mladimi slovenskimi atleti in razvoj posameznikove športne poti : magistrsko delo
Železnik, Lea (Author), Škof, Branko (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Osip mladih športnikov je povezan predvsem z njihovim razvojem. Pogosto je posledica (pre)zgodnje specializacije ter njenih negativnih učinkov. Če je posameznik že od zgodnjega otroštva podvržen preresni vadbi, je prikrajšan za veselje, spontanost, ustvarjalnost in igrivost ter si zgradi slabšo samopodobo. Ker posledično šport doživlja (čustveno) negativno, ga zapusti. Pri športnih aktivnostih, ki že otroke močno usmerjajo v specializirano vadbo in tekmovalnost, sta izgorelost (ang. burn-out) ter osip mladih v tekmovalnem športu še večja. Osip je večji tudi pri tistih mladih športnikih, ki so začeli trenirati bolj zgodaj (Škof, 2016). V magistrskem delu je obravnavana problematika osipa mladih športnikov v tekmovalni atletiki. Namen naloge je bil ugotoviti velikost osipa med najbolj perspektivnimi mladimi atleti v Sloveniji, starimi od 13 do 15 let. Vzorec je bil oblikovan na podlagi tablic AZS iz let od 1993 do 2004. Za vsako obravnavano atletsko disciplino smo vzeli po 10 najboljših mladih atletov. Zanimalo nas je, ali je osip različen med sklopi atletskih disciplin (šprinti, skoki, meti in teki na srednje ter dolge proge) ter kolikšen delež mladih atletov iz starostne skupine U16 uspe doseči vidnejše rezultate v članski kategoriji na nacionalni in mednarodni ravni. Preučevali smo še dinamiko razvoja posameznikove športne poti oziroma dinamiko osipa, in sicer pri prehodih v mlajše ter starejše mladinsko in člansko kategorijo. Statistično pomembnost razlik med skupinami smo preverjali z izračunom 2 in Cramerjevega V-koeficienta. Glavna ugotovitev raziskave je, da je osip v slovenski tekmovalni atletiki izredno velik. Dobili smo še nekatere zanimive rezultate: (1) osip je neodvisen od sklopa atletskih disciplin; (2) tekmovalno najuspešnejši mladi atleti (prvih 5 na tablicah) dlje časa vztrajajo v atletiki, se pogosteje uvrščajo na velika mednarodna tekmovanja ter pogosteje dosegajo državne rekorde kot tisti, ki niso povsem na vrhu v starostni skupini U16; (3) poleg tega pa zelo mladi (13- in 14-letniki) ter hkrati zelo uspešni atleti ravno tako pogosteje pridejo do članske kategorije in so uspešnejši tako na nacionalni kot tudi na mednarodni ravni.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:tekmovalna atletika, mladi talenti, identifikacija in razvoj, zgodnja specializacija, osip
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Tipology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:FŠ - Faculty of Sport
Year:2018
COBISS.SI-ID:5407665 This link opens in a new window
Views:810
Downloads:370
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Young Slovenian athletes` dropout and individual`s development of sports career
Abstract:
Young sportsmen dropout is related mostly with development of their sports career. Often it is a consequence of an early specialization. If an individual is subject to hard sports training already from an early childhood, he loses out in joy, spontaneity, creativity, playfulness and he builds a poor self-image. He consequently experiences sport as something negative that is why he might leave it. In sports activities, which direct children into specialized workout and competitiveness, burn-out and dropout of youths in competitive sport are even bigger. Decrease is bigger also by those young sportsmen, who started to train earlier. In masters` degree issues, related to dropout of young sportsmen in competitive athletics, are discussed. Intent of the assignment was to find out size of dropout, regarding the most promising young athletes in Slovenia, aged between 13 and 15 years. Sample was created on the basis of IAAF (=International Association of Athletics Federation) scoring tables from 1993 till 2004. We took 10 best young athletes from every chosen discipline. We were curious if there exist differences between complexes of those disciplines (sprints, jumps, throws, middle- and long-distance runs) and what percentage of young athletes (U16 = under 16 years old) manage to achieve visible results in absolute age category on national and international level. We also studied dynamics of individual`s development of sports career and dynamics of dropout, namely the transitions to different age categories. We were checking statistical importance of differences between groups with calculations of 2 and Cramer`s V coefficient. The main finding of the research is that dropout in Slovenian competitive athletics is very big. We proved some more facts: (1) decrease is not influenced by the complex of disciplines; (2) competitively the most successful young athletes (first 5 on the scoring tables) insist in chosen sport longer, more often take place on greater international championships and more frequently hold national records in comparison with those youths, who are not on the top in age category U16; (3) furthermore very young (13 and 14 years old) and at the same time very successful athletes also more frequently reach the absolute age category and are achieving better results on national as well as on international level.

Keywords:competitive athletics, young talents, identification and development, early specialization, dropout

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