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Nova ureditev dejanske življenjske skupnosti istospolnih partnerjev
Kranjc, Anja (Author), Novak, Barbara (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Zakon o partnerski zvezi (ZPZ) je s svojo uveljavitvijo prinesel dve novi obliki družinsko-pravne skupnosti, in sicer sklenjeno in nesklenjeno partnersko zvezo. Ta zakon sklenjeno partnersko zvezo glede pravnih posledic na vseh področjih, razen izrecno določenih izjem, izenačuje z zakonsko zvezo, nesklenjeno partnersko zvezo oziroma dejansko življenjsko skupnost istospolnih partnerjev pa s sklenjeno partnersko zvezo. Izenačitev nesklenjene partnerske zveze s sklenjeno partnersko zvezo velja samo na področju razmerja med partnerjema. Na ostalih področjih ima nesklenjena partnerska zveza enake pravne posledice kot zunajzakonska skupnost. Obstoj nesklenjene partnerske zveze je treba v vsakem konkretnem primeru posebej ugotavljati. Pravno priznavanje ''zgolj'' dejanske življenjske skupnosti je pomemben korak naprej od prejšnje zakonske ureditve, saj do zdaj slovenska zakonodaja ni poznala nobene podobne neregistrirane istospolne partnerske skupnosti in partnerjem ni priznavala nobenih pravic na njeni podlagi. Z novo zakonsko ureditvijo istospolna partnerja, ki živita v dejanski življenjski skupnosti, sedaj na mnogih področjih uživata več pravic in obveznosti, kot sta jih imela pred tem. Zelo pomembna določba ZPZ v zvezi z razmerjem istospolnih partnerjev do otrok, ki je še vedno izključujoča do istospolnih partnerjev, je določba, ki izrecno določa, da partnerja v sklenjeni partnerski zvezi in partnerja v nesklenjeni partnerski zvezi ne moreta skupaj posvojiti otroka ter da nista upravičena do postopkov oploditve z biomedicinsko pomočjo. Za popolno izenačitev istospolnih parov z raznospolnimi bi bilo treba zagotoviti enako obravnavo tudi na področju starševstva.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:Zakon o partnerski zvezi, nesklenjena partnerska zveza, istospolni pari, razmerje med partnerjema, razmerje partnerjev do otrok, diskriminacija, pravice, obveznosti
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Organization:PF - Faculty of Law
Year:2018
COBISS.SI-ID:16314705 Link is opened in a new window
Views:678
Downloads:267
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:New legal regulation of the actual life partnership for same-sex partners
Abstract:
The Civil Union Act (ZPZ) introduces two new forms of family law communities for same-sex couples: a formal civil union and a non-formal civil union. This law in all legal sphares, except of explicitly stipulated exceptions, equals a formal civil union to marriage and a non-formal civil union to a formal civil union. The equalization of a non-formal civil union to a formal civil union applies only to the sphare of the relationship between partners. In other sphares, a non-formal civil union has the same legal consequences as a cohabitation. The existence of a non-formal civil union must be proved in every single case. The legal recognition of an "only" life partnership is an important step forward from previous legal regulation, since until now, Slovenian legislation did not recognize any similar non-formal same-sex partnerships, and did not recognize any rights on this basis. With the new legislation now same-sex partners living in a life partnership in many legal areas enjoy more rights and obligations than they had before. The most important provision of ZPZ concerning the relationship of same-sex partners to the children, that still excludes same-sex partners, is the provision, which explicitly provides that partners of a formal civil union and partners of a non-formal civil union cannot jointly adopt children, and that they are not entitled to the procedures of assisted reproduction techniques. For equal treatment of same-sex couples the same rights as for heterosexual couples should be guaranteed also in the field of parenting.

Keywords:Civil Union Act, non-formal civil union, same sex couples, relationship between partners, relationship towards children, discrimination, rights, obligations

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