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Poškodbe zapestja, dlani in prstov pri športnih plezalcih : diplomsko delo
Pinter, Uroš (Author), Jereb, Blaž (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Pri športnem plezanju se v zadnjem času zaradi povečanega zanimanja za ukvarjanje s tem športom pojavljajo tudi poškodbe. Prevladujejo kronične poškodbe, predvsem zgornjih okončin. Akutnih poškodb je relativno malo. Z deskriptivno metodo smo zbrali in preučili domačo ter tujo literaturo na področju športnih poškodb in preobremenitvenih sindromov zgornjih okončin. Ti podatki so nam skupaj z lastnimi izkušnjami s področja treniranja mladih športnih plezalcev pomagali priti do končnih zaključkov. V prvem delu diplomskega dela smo zbrali informacije o najpogostejših poškodbah na področju zapestij, dlani in prstov. Te poškodbe so ruptura krožnih vezi prstov, sindrom karpalnega kanala, tendonitis in tendosinovitis, preskakujoči prst in viseči prst. Pojasnili smo vzroke za nastanek posameznih poškodb, postopke zdravljenja posameznih poškodb. Velik poudarek dajemo preventivnim dejavnikom, ki lahko v veliki meri pripomorejo, da do poškodb sploh ne pride. Najpomembnejši preventivni dejavniki so pravilno ogrevanje in ohlajanje v vadbeni enoti, pravilna ciklizacija treningov, ustrezno mišično ravnovesje in čim bolj optimalna tehnika plezanja. V drugem delu diplomskega dela pa smo prikazali primer vadbe po poškodbi, ki nas učinkovito pripravi na varno vrnitev v proces treninga. Vadbo po poškodbi smo razdelili na tri dele – prvi del zajema vaje za pridobivanje obsega gibanja, drug del zajema vaje za povrnitev moči, tretji del pa zajema vrnitev v specifične športnoplezane obremenitve. Pravilno začrtan, individualno prilagojen in strokovno voden program kineziologa nam omogoča učinkovito ter varno vrnitev v trenažni proces.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:poškodbe zapestja, poškodbe prstov, športno plezanje, zdravljenje, preventiva, vloga kineziologa
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:FŠ - Faculty of Sport
Year:2018
COBISS.SI-ID:5384113 Link is opened in a new window
Views:430
Downloads:168
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Wrist, hand and finger injuries in sport climbing
Abstract:
In last few years sport climbing has become very popular. Every year more people are getting involved with this sport and there are also injuries. Chronic injuries are the dominating ones, particular in upper extremities. Acute injuries are relatively few. With the descriptive method we collected and analysed domestic and foreign literature about sport injuries and overuse syndroms of upper extremities. These data and our own experience in coaching youth sport climbers helped us to get the final conclusions. In the first part of this thesis we have collected information about most common injuries in the wrist, hand and finger area. These injuries are ruptures od circular ligaments of the fingers, carpal tunnel syndrome, tendonitis and tendosynovitis, trigger finger and hanging finger. We explained the causes for the occurrence of each of the injuries and treatment proceses. Preventive factors are very important, such as properly warming up before training and cooling down after it, corresponding training plan, appropriate muscular balance and a good climbing technique. In the second part of the thesis, we showed an example of a workout, which we can do after the injury. It will effectively prepare us for a safe return in the process of training. We divided the workout into three parts – the first one includes exercises for getting back the range of motion, the second part are exercises for strength and the third part covers the return back into specific sport climbing training. Individually constructed training plan after injury, which is guided by a kinesiologist allows us to safely return back to our normal training routine.

Keywords:wrist injuries, finger injuries, sport climbing, treatment, prevention, role of kinesiologist

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