In last few years sport climbing has become very popular. Every year more people are getting involved with this sport and there are also injuries. Chronic injuries are the dominating ones, particular in upper extremities. Acute injuries are relatively few. With the descriptive method we collected and analysed domestic and foreign literature about sport injuries and overuse syndroms of upper extremities. These data and our own experience in coaching youth sport climbers helped us to get the final conclusions. In the first part of this thesis we have collected information about most common injuries in the wrist, hand and finger area. These injuries are ruptures od circular ligaments of the fingers, carpal tunnel syndrome, tendonitis and tendosynovitis, trigger finger and hanging finger. We explained the causes for the occurrence of each of the injuries and treatment proceses. Preventive factors are very important, such as properly warming up before training and cooling down after it, corresponding training plan, appropriate muscular balance and a good climbing technique. In the second part of the thesis, we showed an example of a workout, which we can do after the injury. It will effectively prepare us for a safe return in the process of training. We divided the workout into three parts – the first one includes exercises for getting back the range of motion, the second part are exercises for strength and the third part covers the return back into specific sport climbing training. Individually constructed training plan after injury, which is guided by a kinesiologist allows us to safely return back to our normal training routine.