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Uporaba igrač za razvoj fine motorike pri otrocih, starih 5 in 6 let : diplomsko delo
Mavri, Matic (Author), Avsec, Stanislav (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Šuligoj, Veronika (Co-mentor)

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/id/eprint/5173 This link opens in a new window

Abstract
V teoretičnem delu diplomske naloge smo se osredinili na pomen tehnične vzgoje pri predšolskih otrocih. Ugotavljali smo, kako jo vključiti v Kurikulum za vrtce in kako lahko preko tehničnih spretnosti, kot so vijačenje, zabijanje in konstruiranje, razvijamo fino motoriko v skupini predšolskih otrok, starih 5 in 6 let. Diplomsko delo je namenjeno vzgojiteljem, staršem in vsem, ki uživajo v delu z otroki in jim je pomembno, da otroci s čim bolj različnimi izdelki izpolnijo vse svoje potenciale. Namen diplomskega dela je opozoriti na pomembnost tehnike in tehničnih spretnosti v predšolski vzgoji ter posledično razvijanje fine motorike otrok, ki je pogoj za primeren otrokov razvoj. Izpostavili smo pomen izbire primerne igrače za otroka in kako le-ta vpliva na otrokov razvoj. Pomembno je, da igrača v otroku vzbuja radovednost in zadovoljstvo, saj jo bo le tako otrok večkrat samovoljno uporabil pri igri. V empiričnem delu smo analizirali in predstavili rezultate anketnega vprašalnika, ki smo ga razdelili vzgojiteljem in pomočnikom vzgojitelja. Z njim smo želeli ugotoviti, kako pogosto in na kakšen način skrbijo za primeren razvoj fine motorike pri predšolskih otrocih. Rezultati vprašalnika so pokazali, da se večina strokovnih delavcev strinja, da je razvoj fine motorike v predšolskem obdobju izjemnega pomena, in za to skrbijo na različne načine tudi v svojih skupinah. Zasnovali in izdelali smo lesene igrače, ki smo jih uporabili pri dejavnostih v vrtcu. Z njimi smo želeli ugotoviti stopnjo razvoja fine motorike pri predšolskih otrocih, starih 5 in 6 let. Ugotovili smo, da je stopnja razvoja fine motorike pri vseh otrocih zelo visoka, saj niso imeli večjih težav pri rokovanju z igračami. Diplomsko delo predlaga načine, kako lahko z zabavnimi igračami skrbimo za primeren razvoj fine motorike otrok in tako omogočimo korekten razvoj otroka tudi na ostalih področjih. Po opravljeni dejavnosti smo analizirali in ovrednotili stopnjo razvoja fine motorike in uporabnost izdelanih igrač. Vzorec raziskave je obsegal 20 otrok v vrtcu, ki so opravljali dejavnost, in 42 strokovnih delavcev, katerim smo razdelili vprašalnike. Dosegli smo vse zastavljene cilje in potrdili hipoteze, s čimer so igrače dosegle svoj namen.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:tehnična vzgoja, predšolska vzgoja, tehniške spretnosti, fina motorika
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:PEF - Faculty of Education
Year:2018
Publisher:[M. Mavri]
Number of pages:VII, 75 str., III
UDC:373.2.016:62(043.2)
COBISS.SI-ID:12063817 Link is opened in a new window
Views:288
Downloads:75
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Utilizing toys for fine motor skills enhancement in children aged 5 and 6
Abstract:
The theoretical part of diploma thesis focuses on the importance of arts and crafts subject in preschool children. We have tried to find a way to include this subject in the curriculum for kindergartens and we observed how technical skills such as screwing, hammering and construction develop fine motor skills in a group of preschool children aged five to six. This diploma thesis is useful for teachers, parents and for everybody who enjoys working with children and finds it important that the children develop their potential by making different products. The aim of this diploma thesis is to warn about the importance of arts and crafts, technical skills in preschool education and consequent development of fine motor skills of children which are essential in a children’s development. We singled out the importance of choosing the right toy for a child and how it influences the child’s development. It is vital that the toy sparks curiosity and pleasure in a child, so that he will play with it again by his own volition. In the empirical part of the thesis, we analyzed and discussed the results of a survey which was distributed among the preschool teachers and teaching assistants. With this survey, we wanted to find out how often and in what way the teachers facilitate the development of fine motor skills in preschool children. The results of the survey have shown the agreement amongst workers that developing fine motor skills in preschool period is important. The survey also showed that the teachers and their assistants use different methods in their groups. We have designed and manufactured wooden toys that we used in various activities in kindergarten. The toys were used as a method of measuring the level of development of fine motor skills in preschool children aged five to six. We have discovered that the level of development is high in all children, because they did not have any major difficulties operating the toys. The diploma thesis proposes different applications of fun toys when developing fine motor skills in children and how to facilitate the proper development of children in other areas as well. After the activity was finished, we analyzed and graded the level of development of fine motor skills and the usefulness of toys. The sample unit was 20 kindergarten children that performed the activities and 42 teachers and teaching assistants that answered the survey. We have reached all our goals and confirmed the hypotheses, which means that the toys have fulfilled their purpose.

Keywords:pre-school child, engineering, toy, skill, predšolski otrok, tehnika, igrača, spretnost

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