izpis_h1_title_alt

Stališča bodočih učiteljev biologije o dobrobiti živali
Drnovšek, Doroteja (Author), Tomažič, Iztok (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/5169/ This link opens in a new window

Abstract
V zgodovini se je odnos ljudi do živali spreminjal. Dolgo je veljalo prepričanje, da je človek vreden več kot žival. Čez čas pa se je takšno prepričanje spremenilo in živali so pridobile širši pomen kot pa samo vir hrane in zaslužka. Vse več ljudi si prizadeva izboljšati dobrobit živali, ki je opisana kot stanje, kjer žival živi v sožitju z okoljem. Pojem dobrobiti živali se pojavlja v medsebojnem odnosu med človekom in živaljo, v povezavi z zaščito živali pred mučenjem ter varovanjem zdravja živali. Pojem dobrobiti živali se nanaša predvsem na tiste živali, ki jih ljudje gojijo in vzgajajo v njihovem okolju za svoje dobro. Sem štejemo na primer družne, farmske in laboratorijske živali. Nanaša pa se tudi na prosto živeče živali, na katere ljudje nimajo neposrednega vpliva, ampak je njihova dobrobit in obstoj odvisna od ravnanja ljudi (Uprava Republike Slovenije za varno hrano, veterinarstvo in varstvo rastlin, 2018). Dobrobit živali zagovarja dejstvo, da je treba trpljenje živali preprečiti, stremi po zagotovitvi kakovostnega življenja živali ter njene humane smrti. Nanaša se na odnose med ljudmi in živalmi, ki jih ljudje v svoji oskrbi obravnavajo odgovorno in humano (Animal Welfare: What Is It?, 2017). Zakoni na področju zaščite živali so se kar nekajkrat spremenili. V razvitih državah sveta je zakonodaja dobro zakonsko urejena, kar kaže na dobro zaščitenost živali pred mučenjem, v nerazvitih državah sveta pa zakonov o zaščiti živali ne poznajo oziroma jih poznajo v manjši meri (Eadie, 2011). V zakonodaji Republike Slovenije obstaja kar nekaj zakonov, ki se nanašajo na zaščito živali. Najbolj aktualen je Zakon o zaščiti živali, sledita pa mu Zakon o ohranjanju narave in Odredba o bivalnih razmerah in oskrbi prostoživečih vrst v ujetništvu. Stališča do narave in živih bitij, ki si jih bodoči učitelji biologije in naravoslovja izoblikujejo v času študija, vplivajo v času njihovega opravljanja poklica tudi na učence pri pouku. Obstaja več dejavnikov, ki vplivajo na oblikovanje stališč otrok in najstnikov do živali. To so spol, starost, lastništvo hišnih ljubljencev in izkušnje z njimi, uživanje mesa ter strah do živali (Binngießer, Randler in Wilhelm (2013). V naši raziskavi so vzorec predstavljali študenti prvega in četrtega letnika Pedagoške fakultete v Ljubljani, smer biologija z vezavo kemije ali gospodinjstva. Želeli smo preveriti, kakšna so stališča bodočih učiteljev o dobrobiti živali, ali med letniki prihaja do razlik v stališčih o dobrobiti živali ter kako na stališča vplivajo spol, prehranske navade in lastništvo hišnega ljubljenca. Za raziskavo smo uporabili anketni vprašalnik. Rezultati so pokazali, da so stališča bodočih učiteljev naravnana v pozitivno smer, med njimi pa prihaja tudi do odstopanj.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:dobrobit živali
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Tipology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:PEF - Faculty of Education
Year:2018
COBISS.SI-ID:12061001 Link is opened in a new window
Views:325
Downloads:91
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
 
Average score:(0 votes)
Your score:Voting is allowed only to logged in users.
:
Share:AddThis
AddThis uses cookies that require your consent. Edit consent...

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Attitudes of future biology teachers about animal welfare
Abstract:
The attitude of people toward animals has been changing throughout the history. For a long time, it was believed that people are worth more than animals. In time, though, that conviction changed and animals gained in importance, becoming more than just a source of food and income. An increasing number of people are trying to promote animal welfare, which is defined as a state in which an animal lives in harmony with its environment. The notion of animal welfare appears in the context of mutual relationships between people and animals, protection of animals from torture, and preservation of animal health. The notion of animal welfare pertains predominantly to the animals bred and brought up by people for personal gain, e.g. animal companions, farm animals, and laboratory animals. It also pertains to free-roaming animals who are not directly affected by people but whose welfare and existence still depend on the doings of mankind (Administration of the Republic of Slovenia for Food Safety, Veterinary, and Plant Protection, 2018). Animal welfare argues that the torture of animals has to be stopped and that animals have to be provided with quality living conditions and a humane death. It relates to the relationships between people and animals taken care of by people in a responsible and humane manner (Animal Welfare: What Is It? 2017). The legislation on the protection of animals has changed on a number of occasions. In the developed countries of the world, the legislation is well enforced, indicating that animals are protected against torture; whereas in the underdeveloped countries, animal protection is non-existent or is known to a lesser extent (Eadie, 2011). The legislation in the Republic of Slovenia comprises a number of legal acts protecting animals. The most topical one is the Animal Protection Act, followed by the Nature Conservation Act and Order on Living Conditions for and Care of Wild Animals Kept in Captivity. The perspectives on nature and living beings that future biology and science teachers formed during their studies reflect on their pupils or students during class. There are multiple factors that impact the formation of a child’s or teenager’s perspective on animals. Among them are gender, age, pet ownership, experiences with pet ownership, meat consumption, and fear or animals (Binngießer, Randler, and Wilhelm; 2013). Our study sample included freshmen and seniors at the Faculty of Education in Ljubljana who are majoring in biology and minoring in either chemistry or household education. We aimed to determine the perspectives of future teachers on animal welfare, find whether there are any differences between the perspectives of freshmen and seniors, and establish how the perspective is affected by gender, dietary habits, and pet ownership. The study was conducted by means of a questionnaire. The results have shown that the general perspective of future teachers is positive; however, there are some discrepancies.

Keywords:animal welfare

Similar documents

Similar works from RUL:
Similar works from other Slovenian collections:

Comments

Leave comment

You have to log in to leave a comment.

Comments (0)
0 - 0 / 0
 
There are no comments!

Back