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Vpliv različnih tipov prehrane na meritev telesne sestave z bioimpedanco
Hasičić, Anja (Author), Knap, Bojan (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
V magistrski nalogi obravnavamo vegane in vsejedce ženskega in moškega spola, iz starostne skupine19-30 let, ki posvečajo zmerni intenzivni telesni dejavnosti vsaj 150 minut ali zelo intenzivni telesni dejavnosti vsaj 75 minut na teden. Preiskovancem smo preverjali telesno sestavo s pomočjo bioelektrične impedančne analize ter s pomočjo prehranskega dnevnika ugotavljali zadostitev po makrohranilih v njihovi prehrani glede na priporočene vrednosti. Bistvena razlika med živili živalskega in rastlinskega izvora je v deležu beljakovin in v njihovi biološki razpoložljivosti. Zaradi večjega vnosa beljakovin naj bi imeli vsejedci večji delež puste telesne mase. Poleg prehrane na sestavo telesa pomembno vpliva tudi fizična aktivnost, ki je nujno potrebna tudi za zdravje in dobro splošno počutje. Za določanje sestave telesa so vse bolj v uporabi bioelektrične impedančne analize (BIA). BIA je klinična metoda za ocenjevanje deleža puste telesne mase in maščobe. Poleg analize BIA so preiskovanci izpolnili še kratko spletno anketo z nekvantitativnim vprašalnikom o nagnjenosti k uživanju posameznih skupin živil in prehranski dnevnik, ki je zajemal količino in vrsto zaužitih živil v dveh nezaporednih dneh. Podatke pridobljene s prehranskim dnevnikom smo obdelali s spletnim orodjem Odprta platforma za klinično prehrano (OPKP). Ugotovili smo, da veganska prehrana ni vplivala na manjšo vsebnost maščob v telesu, niti da imajo vsejedci večji delež puste telesne mase kot vegani. Način prehrane lahko vpliva na kazalnike zdravja, z življenjskim stilom, v katerega je vključena tudi prehrana in količina gibanja.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:prehrana, vsejedci, vegani, bioimpedančne meritve, telesna sestava, vpliv na zdravje, prehranski dnevnik, spletno orodje OPKP
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Tipology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Year:2018
Publisher:[A. Hasičić]
UDC:613.2:641.1:611/612
COBISS.SI-ID:4931192 Link is opened in a new window
Views:649
Downloads:427
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:The influence of different types of diet on the measurement of body composition with bioimpedance
Abstract:
In these master thesis we deal with vegan and omnivores of male and female gender, from the same age group (19-30 years), that are devote to moderate intense physical activity at least 150 minutes or very intense physical activity at least 75 minutes per week. We verified their body composition using bioelectrical impedance analysis, and the intake of macronutrients according to the recommended values.The essential difference between foods of animal origin and plant origin is primarily in their proteins, especially in bioavailability. Because omnivores have different source of protein intake, they should have a higher proportion of lean body mass. Physical activity is also important because it has a big impact on health and general well - being and also affects body composition. Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) has been increasingly used to determine the composition of the body. BIA is a clinical method for assessing the body weight and fat percentage. Biomedical instruments measure resistance and reactance through body electrodes. In addition to the BIA, subjects also comleted online survey with a non-quantitative questionnaire on the predisposition to the use of individual food groups, and completing a nutritional diary on the consumption of foods in two non-consecutive days. Informations from diary were processed using online tool Open Clinical Nutrition Platform (OPKP).We found out that vegan diet did not affect the lower fat content in the body, we also did not confirm that the omnivores have a higher proportion of lean body mass than vegans. The diet can affect health indicators with a lifestyle that includes diet and the amount of physical activity.

Keywords:nutrition, omnivores, vegans, bioimpedance metrics, body composition, impact on health, nutritional diary, online tool OPKP

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