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Poznavanje in uporaba prehranskih dodatkov pri plesalkah in plesalcih hip-hop plesa : magistrsko delo
Pruš, Daša (Author), Zaletel, Petra (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Hip-hop je kulturno gibanje, ki se je razvilo do te mere, da ga je nemogoče definirati kot enotno plesno zvrst, saj zajema številne stile, razvite znotraj hip-hopa ali prevzete od drugih plesnih zvrsti. Kompleksnost koreografij je vedno večja, hkrati pa so večje tudi zahteve po telesni pripravljenosti, kar posledično pomeni večje število in večjo intenzivnost treningov. V želji po zniževanju tveganja poškodb mišic in sklepov, na račun izčrpanosti in utrujenosti, je bistveno, da plesalci in plesalke razumejo pomen prehrane in prehranskih dodatkov ter jih znajo pravilno umestiti v svoj vsakdan. Z magistrskim delom smo želeli ugotoviti, kako pogosto se prehranski dodatki pojavljajo v vsakodnevni prehrani plesalk in plesalcev hip-hopa ter kakšen pomen jim pripisujejo. Prav tako smo želeli izpostaviti problem o pomanjkljivosti znanja o prehrani in prehranskih dodatkih ter ugotoviti, če to vpliva na telesno sestavo plesalk in plesalcev. V raziskavo je bilo vključenih 114 plesalk in plesalcev hip-hopa iz sedmih vodilnih slovenskih klubov, starih povprečno 17,2 ± 2,2 let, ki plešejo v članskih kategorijah pod okriljem Plesne zveze Slovenije (PZS) ter Mednarodne plesne zveze (IDO). Uporabili smo anonimni vprašalnik, ki je vseboval osnovne podatke o plesalcu, katerim so sledila vprašanja o poznavanju prehranskih dopolnil, načinu uporabe le-teh ter znanju o prehrani in dopingu. Telesno sestavo smo izmerili s pomočjo bioelektrične impedančne analize InBody 720 tetrapolarnega 8-točkovnega elektrodnega sistema (Biospace Co., Ltd). Podatke smo statistično obdelali s pomočjo statističnega programa SPSS, 23.0.0 za Mac OS X. Ugotovili smo, da prehranske dodatke uživa manj kot polovica anketiranih plesalk in plesalcev, v večji meri pa se jih poslužujejo uspešnejši. Naše predpostavke o slabem znanju o prehrani in prehranskih dodatkih so se izkazale za pravilne, saj je znanje plesalk in plesalcev hip-hopa, ne glede na rang uspešnosti, še vedno nižje v primerjavi z ostalimi športnimi panogami. Prav tako smo ugotovili, da plesalci in plesalke precenjujejo svoje znanje. Primerjava analize telesnih značilnosti glede na uporabo in znanje o prehrani in prehranskih dodatkih pa na naše presenečenje ni pokazala statistično značilnih razlik. Predlagamo, da bi v želji po izboljšanju znanja plesalcev in plesalk o dovoljenih in nedovoljenih substanceh, bilo smiselno razmisliti o intervencijskih programih, s katerimi bi ozaveščali tako plesalce kot tudi trenerje in s tem omogočili športnikom še večje možnosti za napredek.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:prehrana, prehranski dodatki, telesna sestava, ples, hip-hop
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Tipology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:FŠ - Faculty of Sport
Year:2018
COBISS.SI-ID:5357745 Link is opened in a new window
Views:479
Downloads:390
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Knowledge about dietary intake and use of food supplements among hip-hop dancers
Abstract:
Hip-hop is a cultural movement, that has evolved to such an extent that it is impossible to define it as a single genre, as it captures many styles, developed within hip-hop or taken from other dance genres. The complexity of choreographies is increasing and at the same time the requirements for physical condition are higher, which leads to a greater number and greater intensity of training. In order to reduce the risk of muscle and joint injuries, at the expense of exhaustion and fatigue, it is essential that dancers understand the importance of diet and dietary supplements and are able to use them appropriately in their everyday life. The purpose of this following study is to analyse the frequency of food supplements in the daily diet of hip-hop dancers and to figure out what significance they attach to them. We also wanted to highlight the problem in lack of nutritional knowledge and to determine if this affects the body composition of dancers. The sample consisted of 114 hip-hop dancers from seven leading Slovene dance schools, average age 17,2 ± 2,2 let, participating in adult categories under the auspices of the Plesna zveza Slovenije (PZS) and the International Dance Organization (IDO). In the study, we used an anonymous questionnaire containing basic information about the dancer, followed by questions about knowledge of food supplements, how they are used, and knowledge of nutrituion and doping. Body composition was analyzed by bioelectrical impendance InBody 720 based on tetrapolar 6 punctional measurement with magnetic impendance (Biospace Co., Ltd). The data was statistically processed using the SPSS statistical software, 23.0.0 for Mac OS X. We established that less than half of the surveyed dancers consume nutritional supplements. The use of food supplements is more common among more successful dancers. Our assumptions about poor knowledge of nutritional supplements have proven to be correct, as the knowledge of hip-hop dancers, regardless of performance ranking, is still lower compared to other sports disciplines. We also found out that dancers overestimate their knowledge. Comparison of physical characteristics with regardless of usage and knowledge of nutrition and dietary supplements did not show statistically significant differences. We think, that some interventional programs about substance use and misuse might help to educate dancers and choreographers and it might even increase the potential of dancers.

Keywords:nutrition, food supplements, body composition, dance, hip-hop

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