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Skrbni pravni pregled pri nakupu podjetja
Drole, Karin (Author), Dugar, Gregor (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Skrbni pregled podjetja je definiran kot skupek opravil, ki so usmerjena v temeljit pregled podjetja, z namenom sprejetja odločitve o nameravani transakciji. Čeprav temelji na preteklem poslovanju, pridobljeni rezultati naročniku osvetlijo pogled v prihodnost podjetja. Predstavlja enega izmed pomembnejših korakov (če ne celo najpomembnejšega) v postopku nakupa podjetja, saj pogosto prevesi jeziček na tehnici in kupca prepriča v nakup, ali pa ga od njega odvrne. Ne glede na njegovo pomembnost, institut v večini pravnih redov ni urejen s pozitivnopravno zakonodajo. Posledično številni, ki se prvič srečajo z njim, ne razumejo povsem njegovega pomena oz. ne vedo, na kaj morajo biti pri njegovi izvedbi pozorni. Odgovore na ta vprašanja želi avtorica razrešiti v tem magistrskem delu. Pri tem se osredotoča predvsem na skrbni pravni pregled v postopkih nakupa podjetja. Avtorica v začetku svojega dela najprej definira pojem skrbnega pregleda in na kratko predstavi njegov namen ter glavne značilnosti, nato pa svojo pozornost osredotoči na pravni del skrbnega pregleda v postopkih nakupa podjetja. Pri tem želi bralcem na čim bolj praktičen način predstaviti natančen potek in vsebino skrbnega pravnega pregleda podjetja, ki vodi v sprejem pravilne odločitve o nameravani investiciji. Skozi celotno delo avtorica izpostavlja večplastnost vprašanj, ki izhajajo iz obravnavanega instituta. Gre predvsem za vprašanja v zvezi z njegovo dovolitvijo (kdo je za to pristojen, kdaj je dopustna zavrnitev, ali ima kupec pravico do skrbnega pregleda), problemom glede razkritja informacij, ki so opredeljene kot poslovne skrivnosti družbe in tistih, ki so po ZTFI definirane kot notranje informacije, ter vprašanjem odgovornosti oseb, ki so vključene v skrbni pravni pregled. Prav tako avtorica posveti pozornost primerjavi skrbnega pregleda v delniški družbi in družbi z omejeno odgovornostjo ter obrazloži vzrok za obstoječe razlike. Njen končni cilj je predstaviti splošno ureditev poteka in vsebine instituta, razjasniti dileme, ki se pojavljajo v zvezi z institutom ter preveriti, ali bi lahko institut v neki meri tudi uredili s pozitivnopravnimi predpisi.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:skrbni pravni pregled, nakup podjetja, transakcija, ciljna družba, odgovornost za skrbni pregled, delniška družba, poslovna skrivnost, notranja informacija, družba z omejeno odgovornostjo
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Organization:PF - Faculty of Law
Year:2018
COBISS.SI-ID:16247889 This link opens in a new window
Views:1260
Downloads:870
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Legal due diligence in the process of buying a company
Abstract:
Due diligence is defined as a set of tasks, that leads into a thorough review of the company in order to take a decision on the intended transaction. Although it is based on past business, the results give the subscriber a clear picture of the company's future. Considering that the due diligence results usually tip the balance and persuades the buyer into the purchase, or discourages it from it, it represents one of the most important steps (if not the most important) in the process of buying a company. Regardless of its importance, in most jurisdictions the institute is not governed by a positive law. Consequently, many people do not fully understand its significance, or they do not know how to perform it. In this master's thesis, the author wishes to solve these questions. In doing so, it focuses primarily on legal due diligence in the company's acquisition procedures.At the beginning of her master's thesis, the author defines the concept of due diligence and represents its main characteristics. After that she focuses on the legal due diligence in the procedures for purchasing the company. In this context she wants to practically present the course and the content of legal due diligence, which leads the buyer to the right decision on the intended investment. Throughout the master's thesis, the author highlights the multitude of issues arising from the institute. These are issues related to its authorization (who has jurisdiction to adopt the decision about requested due diligence, when can the authority reject the request for due diligence, does the buyer has a right to preform due diligence), the problem of disclosing information that are defined as trade secrets and those that are defined as internal information by the Financial Instruments Market Act, and the questions of the responsibility of the persons involved in due diligence. The author also devotes attention to comparison between a due diligent review in a joint stock company and a due diligent review in a limited liability company and explains the reasons for the existing differences. Her objective is to present the general arrangement of the course and the content of the institute, to clarify the dilemmas that have arisen in connection with the due diligence, and to check if the institute could to some extent, also be included in a positive law.

Keywords:legal due diligence, the purchase of a business, transaction, target company, responsibility for due diligence, joint stock company, professional secrecy, inside information, limited liability company

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