Asphalt roads in Slovenia are mostly overloaded and insufficiently maintained so as a consequence we have damaged roads, some less some more. Asphalt pavement structures are immediately exposed to traffic loads and climatic conditions after construction. The thesis explores how to make durable asphalt pavement structures. By examining the typical damage of pavement structures, we find out their causes and consequences. In the following, we review the possibilities of reinforced asphalt pavement structures. We distribute them on fiber reinforced asphalt pavement structures and asphalt pavement structure reinforced with geosynthetics. The following is an overview of available materials and their characteristics, application in asphalt pavement structures, tests with results, method of installation and necessary technologies and use in Slovenia and elsewhere in the world.