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Vloga medicinske sestre v nujni medicinski pomoči pri zastrupitvah otrok v izvenbolnišničnem okolju : pregled literature
Strašek, Mateja (Author), Sotler, Robert (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Kramar, Janez (Co-mentor)

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Abstract
Uvod: Zastrupitve pri otrocih so pomemben javnozdravstveni problem. Otroci niso pomanjšani odrasli in so posebej občutljivi na škodljive kemične snovi. Strup je vsaka snov, ki je škodljiva za naš organizem. Strup lahko vnesemo v telo na različne načine: lahko ga pogoltnemo, vdihnemo, injiciramo ali pa se absorbira skozi našo kožo. O zastrupitvi govorimo takrat, kadar v naše telo vstopi strupena snov, ki pušča posledice v našem organizmu. Namen: Namen diplomskega dela je s pomočjo pregleda literature predstaviti najpogostejše zastrupitve pri otrocih in predstaviti vlogo medicinske sestre. Metode dela: V diplomskem delu je bila uporabljena opisna oziroma deskriptivna metoda dela s pregledom literature v slovenskem in angleškem jeziku. Uporabljena literatura je iz obdobja od leta 2007 do 2017. Zaradi pomembne vsebine so bili uporabljeni tudi viri iz leta 2002. Iskanje literature je potekalo s pomočjo vzajemnega bibliografskega sistema COBISS.Si ter z uporabo elektronskih baz podatkov: MEDLINE (PubMed), CINAHL in ScienceDirect, Scopus. Rezultati: Nenamerni zastrupitvi so večinoma izpostavljeni mlajši otroci, ker so radovedni in ne poznajo nevarnosti v okolju, vendar so zastrupitve na srečo redko usodne. Medtem pa so mladostniki izpostavljeni namerni zastrupitvi, kar pogosto povzroči smrt. Na žalost se pogostnost namernih zastrupitev med mladostniki povečuje zaradi velike stopnje stresa, spreminjanja družinskih in družabnih razmer v naši družbi. Medicinska sestra je ključna povezava v skupnosti za izobraževanje preprečevanja zastrupitev in zdravljenje izpostavljenosti zastrupitvam. Razprava in sklep: Namerne in nenamerne zastrupitve so pogoste poškodbe v otroštvu, ki globoko vplivajo na zdravje otrok. Obstajajo različni vzorci zastrupitev zaradi bistvenih socialno-ekonomskih in kulturnih razlik v različnih državah. Medicinske sestre imajo obširno znanje in visoko stopnjo usposobljenosti, saj morajo poznati lastnosti strupov in simptome zastrupitev.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:zastrupitev, otrok, vloga medicinske sestre, nujna medicinska pomoč, preventiva
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Organization:ZF - University College of Health Studies
Year:2018
COBISS.SI-ID:5422187 Link is opened in a new window
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Downloads:564
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:The role of nurses in emergency medical assistance in the poisoning of children in the outside of the hospital environment : literature review
Abstract:
Introduction: Poisoning in children are an important public health problem. Children are not miniature adults, they are particulary sensitive to harmful chemical substances. A poison is any substance that is harmuful to our organism. The poison can be fed into teh body in different ways: it can be swallowed, injected, inhaled or absorbed through our skin. We're talking about poisoning, when a toxic substance enters our body and leaves consequences in our organism. Purpose: The purpose of the thesis is, to present the most common poisoning in children and to introduce the role of nurses. Working methods: in this thesis a descriptive method work was used with a review of the literature in Slovene and English. Literature that was used is from the period from the year 2007 to 2017, due to the important content, an older sources from the year 2002 were also used. The literature search was conducted with the help of mutual bibliographic system COBISS.si, and the use of electronic databases: MEDLINE (PubMed), CINAHL, ScienceDirect and Scopus. Results: the majority of young children were exposed to unintentional poisoning, because they are curious and more exposed to dangers in the environment, but they are fortunately rarely fatal. While adolescents are exposed to intentional poisoning, which often causes death. Unfortunately, the frequency of the intentional poisoning among adolescents is increasing due to the large level of stress and the change of family and social situations in our society. . The nurse is the key link in the community education of prevention of poisoning and treatment of exposure to poisoning. Discussion and conclusion: the intentional and accidental poisoning are frequent injuries in childhood which deeply affect the health of children. There are various patterns of poisoning due to the significant differences in socio - economic and different cultures in different countries. Nurses have extensive knowledge and high level of competence, as they must know the signs of toxins and their symptoms.

Keywords:poisoning, children, role of nurses, medical emergency, prevention

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