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Razvoj medicinske prakse v Kopru ter zdravniki in kirurgi v Kopru od renesanse do začetka zatona Beneške republike
Peternelj Uran, Lejla (Author), Zupanič Slavec, Zvonka (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Namen dela je bil na osnovi znanstvene analize prikazati razvoj medicinske misli in prakse ter delo zdravnikov in kirurgov v slovenski Istri pod beneško oblastjo na modelu otoškega mesta Koper od kasnega srednjega veka do začetka 18. stoletja oz. do začetka zatona beneške republike. Utemeljitev, cilji, hipoteze. Koper je s svojo večstoletno pripadnostjo beneški republiki imel podoben zdravstveni razvoj kot bližnje Benetke. Zaradi bližine najpomembnejših univerzitetnih mest so zdravniki in kirurgi, ki so delovali v Kopru, prihajali z najsodobnejšim medicinskim znanjem tedanjega časa. Z njim so uvajali nove pristope k higieni, komunalni ureditvi mesta in javnemu zdravstvu. Prispevek v Kopru delujočih zdravnikov in kirurgov k razvoju javnega zdravstva otoškega mesta Koper v tem obdobju je bil večji od doslej znanega. Zasnova raziskave, metode dela. Raziskava je trajala več let in je potekala v zaporednih korakih. Obsežnemu zbiranju in branju objavljenih starih in novih gradiv v mednarodnih in domačih arhivih in knjižnicah o prijavljeni temi je sledilo zbiranje izvirnega arhivskega gradiva za to področje, prevajanje iz starih jezikov (latinščine, italijanščine, hrvaščine) v slovenščino, enotno terminološko poimenovanje strokovnih vsebin, kritična presoja pristnosti in zanesljivosti gradiv ter primerjava objavljenih in izvirnih gradiv, njihova vsebinska in komparativna analiza ter zgodovinskomedicinska interpretacija v obravnavanem času in prostoru. Za predstavitev novih spoznanj so bile uporabljene kvalitativne historiografske znanstvene metode dela. Rezultati in sklepi. Znanstveno delo je prineslo nova spoznavanja o razvoju zdravstva in zdravništva na Koprskem ter njegovi pomembni vlogi v Istri v obdobju beneške vladavine skozi zgodovinski, epidemiološki in javnozdravstveni vidik obravnavane dobe. Obsežno in razpršeno gradivo je zbrano in analizirano, rezultati pa potrjujejo delovni hipotezi. Številni do sedaj znani podatki o obravnavani temi so potrjeni, nekateri dopolnjeni oz. korigirani, nekateri zgodovinskomedicinsko reinterpretirani, nekateri pa prvič predstavljeni javnosti. Delo je zaokrožena celota, ki postavlja smernice za nadaljnje interdisciplinarno raziskovanje.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:Koper, Iustinopolis, beneška republika, zgodovina zdravstva, zdravniki, kirurgi, brivci, epidemije, 14. do 17. stoletje
Work type:Doctoral dissertation (mb31)
Organization:MF - Faculty of Medicine
Year:2018
Views:705
Downloads:545
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:The The development of medical practice in Koper and physicians and surgeons in Koper from the Renaissance to the beginning of demise of the Venetian Republicdevelopment of medical practice in Koper and physicians and surgeons in Koper from the Renaissance to the beginning of demise of the Venetian
Abstract:
The purpose of this thesis, based on scientific analysis, is to show the development of medical thought and practice as well as the work of doctors and surgeons in Slovene Istria under Venetian rule throughout the centuries, more specifically from the Late Middle Ages to the beginning of the 18th century or, in other words, the decline of the Republic of Venice. The analysis was performed on a model of the former island city of Koper. Argument, objectives and hypotheses. Since Koper belonged to the Republic of Venice for many centuries, it experienced a similar development of medicine as the nearby city of Venice. Due to the proximity of the most important university cities, doctors and surgeons working in the city of Koper would work there equipped with the most modern medical knowledge of the time. Due to their high level of medical expertise, they could introduce new approaches to hygiene, sanitation and property development of the city as well as to public health care. The contribution of all the doctors and surgeons who were active in the city at that time to the development of the public health care system in the island city of Koper is much greater than it was known so far. Research design, work methods. The study was carried out gradually and in successive steps throughout multiple years. The extensive data collection, the reading and analysing of both old and new published material about this topic collected in international and domestic archives and libraries was followed by gathering original archival documents on this topic, translating from old languages (Latin, Italian, German and Croatian) to Slovenian, naming the specialised contents with uniform terminology, the critical evaluation of the authenticity and reliability of the material, and the comparison of published and original material. The material was analysed by content as well as being comparatively analysed and interpreted in the context of medical history of the given space and time. To present new findings, qualitative research methods from the field of historiography were used. Results and conclusions. This scientific work has brought along new insights into the development of health care and its representatives within the territory of the city of Koper as well as its significant role in Slovene Istria during the time of the Republic of Venice from the historical, epidemiological, and public health care viewpoint. A vast amount of dispersed material and other resources was gathered and then thoroughly analysed. Furthermore, the obtained results have confirmed the working hypotheses. Much of the so far known data has been confirmed, some has been completed or corrected, some has been reinterpreted in the context of medical history, and some has been presented to the public for the first time. The work in question represents an integral whole but at the same time also sets some guidelines for further interdisciplinary research.

Keywords:Koper, Iustinopolis, Republic of Venice, history of health care, physician, surgeons, barbers, epidemics, from the 14th to the 17th century

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