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Spletno nasilje : nova oblika medvrstniškega nasilja
Stajan, Ines (Author), Sande, Matej (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/5016/ This link opens in a new window

Abstract
Magistrsko delo se osredotoča na raziskovanje spletnega nasilja kot novo obliko medvrstniškega nasilja med mladimi, ki se je razširilo z razvojem novih informacijsko-komunikacijskih tehnologij. V teoretičnem delu najprej raziščem osnovne značilnosti nasilja na splošno. Izpostavim tudi agresijo in agresivno vedenje mladostnikov in otrok, saj tako lažje razumemo, od kod izvira njihovo agresivno vedenje. Ker je pri razumevanju nasilja pomembno poznati tudi določeno izrazoslovje, v nadaljevanju izpostavim tudi to. Magistrsko delo predstavi različne oblike nasilja, ki jih na splošno poznamo, jaz pa se posebej osredotočim na vrstniško nasilje in nasilje preko informacijske komunikacijske tehnologije. Pozneje temo zožim na medvrstniško nasilje, v sklopu katerega spoznamo njegove osnovne značilnosti in podam napotke za preventivno delovanje šol za zmanjševanje medvrstniškega nasilja s konkretnimi modeli različnih avtorjev. Nato temo osredotočim na spletno nasilje, v sklopu katerega podam različne definicije in značilnosti po več avtorjih, naredim primerjavo med tradicionalnim in spletnim nasilje ter ponovno izpostavim izrazoslovje. Predstavim tudi konkretne modele za preventivno delovanje šol in staršev na področju spletnega nasilja ter napotke mladim, kaj naj storijo, če postanejo žrtve spletnega nasilja. Teoretični del zaključujem z zakonodajo na področju nasilja. V empiričnem delu so predstavljeni rezultati analize o pojavnosti spletnega nasilja med dijaki in dijakinjami srednjih poklicnih šol in gimnazij. Glavni namen raziskave je dobiti vpogled v pojavnost spletnega nasilja med srednješolci in srednješolkami ter ugotoviti, ali obstajajo statistično pomembne razlike med spoloma glede izkušnje s spletnim nasiljem ter ugotoviti, na katerih srednjih šolah je več spletnega nasilja – gimnaziji ali poklicni srednji šoli. Na spletu sem objavila vprašalnik, povezavo do njega pa sem preko kontaktov posredovala med dijake in dijakinje srednjih poklicnih šol in gimnazij. Spletni vprašalnik je rešilo 212 srednješolcev. Največ dijakov je doživelo nasilje preko spletnih aplikacij in preko fotografij ali posnetkov, najmanj dijakov pa je doživelo nasilje preko elektronske pošte. Največ dijakov, ki so doživeli nasilje preko spletne aplikacije, je doživelo nasilje preko Facebooka, sledita Instagram in Snapchat. Rezultati so pokazali tudi, da so dijaki približno enako pogosto izpostavljeni zajetim vrstam spletnega nasilja ne glede na vrsto srednje šole, ki jo obiskujejo, ter da obstajajo statistično pomembne razlike med spoloma v pogostosti spletnega nasilja preko sms-sporočil, telefonskih klicev in preko fotografij oziroma posnetkov, prejetih preko mobilnega telefona, medtem ko se v nasilju preko spletnih aplikacij in elektronske pošte statistično pomembne razlike niso pokazale.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:medvrstniško nasilje, spletno nasilje, internet, mobilni telefon
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Tipology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:PEF - Faculty of Education
Year:2018
Publisher:[I. Stajan]
Number of pages:55 str.
UDC:364.632:004.738.5(043.2)
COBISS.SI-ID:11952713 This link opens in a new window
Views:650
Downloads:205
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Cyberbullying: new form of violence among peers
Abstract:
This master's thesis focuses on exploring cyberbullying as a new form of peer-to-peer violence among young people, which evolved alongside the development of new information and communication technologies. In the theoretical part, I first explain the basic characteristics of violence in general. Moreover, I identify aggression and aggressive behaviour of adolescents and children, as it clarifies the understanding of their aggressive behaviour. Since it is important to distinguish certain terminology of understanding violence, I point it out as the thesis continues. The thesis presents various forms of violence that are generally known, and I focus on peer violence and violence through information communication technology. Later, I narrow it to the theme of peer violence, in which we learn about its basic characteristics and give directions for preventive action of schools to reduce peer violence with practical models by different authors. Then I focus on the subject of cyberbullying, here I state different definitions and characteristics by diverse authors. I compare traditional violence and cyberbullying, and again emphasize on terminology, as well as present practical models for preventive action of schools and parents, regarding cyberbullying. Furthermore, I instruct young people what to do if they become victims of cyberbullying. The theoretical part concludes with the legislation on violence. The empirical part presents the results of the analysis on the appearance of cyberbullying among students in secondary and grammar schools. The main purpose of the research is to gain insight into the incidence of cyberbullying among secondary school students and to determine whether there are statistically significant gender differences. As well as to find out at which secondary schools there is more cyberbullying – grammar or vocational secondary schools. I set up an online questionnaire and forwarded it, through various contacts, among students of secondary and grammar schools. The questionnaire was solved by 212 secondary school students. Most students experienced violence through online applications and because of photographs or videos, the smallest number of students experienced violence through e-mail. Facebook is the web application where most students have experienced violence through, followed by Instagram and Snapchat. The results also showed that the type of secondary school is negligible, regarding the experience of cyberbullying, but there is a large gender difference in the frequency of experiencing cyberbullying through text messages, phone calls and through photos or videos sent by phone. However, there were no statistically significant differences in experiencing violence through web-based applications and e-mail.

Keywords:secondary school, peer group, violence, srednja šola, vrstniki, nasilje

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