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Vpliv socialno-ekonomskega statusa na uživanje sadja in zelenjave pri mladostnikih
Bergant, Urša (Author), Golja, Petra (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Gregorič, Matej (Co-mentor)

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Abstract
Sadje in zelenjava sta nepogrešljiva v prehrani otrok in mladostnikov, saj vsebujeta veliko vitaminov in mineralov potrebnih za njihov razvoj in vsakdanje delovanje. Podatke za magistrsko delo smo pridobili z vrednotenjem ukrepa Shema šolskega sadja in zelenjave (SŠSZ) 2015/2016, ki ga v skladu z Uredbo EU v Republiki Sloveniji izvaja Nacionalni inštitut za javno zdravje (NIJZ). Vzorec naše raziskave so bili učenci 6. in 8. razredov desetih osnovnih šol (oddelkov A) po Sloveniji, ki so bili v šolskem letu 2015/2016 stari od približno 11 do 15 let (N = 182). Podatke o socialno-ekonomskem statusu in prehranskih navadah preiskovancev smo pridobili z vprašalnikom, ki je vseboval vprašanja o njihovem socialno-ekonomskem statusu in vprašanja o pogostosti uživanja posameznih živil (tj. Frekvenčni vprašalnik). Njihov socialno-ekonomski status (SES) smo ocenili skladno s protokolom mednarodne študije Z zdravjem povezano vedenje v šolskem obdobju (ang. Health behaviour in school-aged children (HBSC)) in določili z lestvico, imenovano FAS (ang. Family Affluence Scale). Terenski del raziskave smo izvajali dvakrat, in sicer spomladi in jeseni v šolskem letu 2015/16. Podatke o količini zaužitega sadja in zelenjave smo pridobili s frekvenčnim vprašalnikom o pogostosti uživanja živil in z metodo priklica jedilnika prejšnjega dne (24h-recall) ter pridobljene podatke vnesli v računalniški program Odprta platforma za klinično prehrano (OPKP). Glede na naše rezultate socialno-ekonomski status ni vplival na uživanje sadja in zelenjave. Tudi spol in starost mladostnikov nista vplivala na povprečno tedensko količino zaužitega sadja in zelenjave.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:prehrana, prehranske navade, mladostniki, ekonomski status, socialni status, sadje, uživanje sadja, zelenjava, uživanje zelenjave
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Tipology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Year:2018
Publisher:[U. Bergant]
UDC:613.2-053.6:330.123
COBISS.SI-ID:4887928 Link is opened in a new window
Views:1166
Downloads:574
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:The impact of socio-economic status on fruit and vegetable consumption in adolescents
Abstract:
Fruits and vegetables are crucial for children and adolescents, as they contain many vitamins and minerals needed for their development and daily functioning. The data for the master’s thesis were obtained within the School Fruit and Vegetable Scheme (SŠSZ) 2015/2016, which has been implemented by the National Institute of Public Health (NIJZ) in accordance with the EU Regulation in the Republic of Slovenia. The sample of our research were pupils from the 6th and 8th grades of the ten elementary schools in Slovenia (departments A), which were between 11 and 15 years old in the school year 2015/2016 (N = 182). Data about the socio-economic status and dietary habits of the subjects were obtained through a questionnaire containing questions about their socioeconomic status and questions about the frequency of consumption of individual foods (the Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)). Their socio-economic status (SES) was assessed in accordance with the International Health Education and School-aged Children (HBSC) study protocol and identified with a scale called FAS (Family Affluence Scale). The fieldwork of the study was carried out twice in the spring and autumn of the school year 2015/16. Data about the consumed amounts of foods were obtained with a 24h-recall method and assessed with a computer program Open Platform for Clinical Nutrition (OPKP). According to our results, socio-economic status did not affect the consumption of fruit and vegetables. The gender and age of adolescents also did not affect the average weekly amount of consumed fruit and vegetables.

Keywords:nutrition, dietary habits, adolescents, economic status, social status, fruit, consumption of fruit, vegetables, vegetable intake

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