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Neposredni zahtevki podizvajalca do naročnika
Mravlja, Anja (Author), Dugar, Gregor (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Magistrsko delo obravnava institut neposrednih zahtevkov podizvajalcev do naročnikov in sporna vprašanja v zvezi z vsebino nekaterih zahtevanih pogojev, pravno naravo in učinki postopkov zaradi insolventnosti na neposredne zahtevke. Institut neposrednih zahtevkov podizvajalcev je pridobil pozornost šele v času ekonomsko-gospodarske krize, ko prevzemniki posla svojim sodelavcem niso plačevali, čeprav za to ni bilo utemeljenih razlogov. Institut predstavlja pomembno izjemo od splošnega načela relativnosti pogodbenih razmerij, saj sodelavcem glavnega izvajalca omogoča, da se ti za svoje terjatve do glavnega izvajalca pod določenimi pogoji obrnejo neposredno na naročnika posla, kljub temu, da z njim niso v pogodbenem razmerju. Magistrsko delo se na začetku osredotoča predvsem na to, kateri pogoji morajo biti izpolnjeni za navedeno pravno varstvo. Drugi del se osredotoči na vprašanje pravne narave instituta. Predstavljena so različna mnenja teorije in sodne prakse ter pripadajoče utemeljitve. Večinsko mnenje je, da gre za obliko zakonite cesije in da torej z uveljavitvijo zahtevka terjatev glavnega izvajalca do naročnika preide iz premoženjske sfere glavnega izvajalca v premoženjsko sfero podizvajalca. Zadnji del magistrskega dela predstavi vprašanje, ki se v praksi pogosto zastavlja in na katerega zakon ne podaja neposrednega odgovora. Gre za vpliv postopkov zaradi insolventnosti zoper glavnega izvajalca na dopustnost uveljavitve zahtevka. Poudarek je predvsem na tem, kakšne so posledice stečajnega postopka nad glavnim izvajalcem na neposredni zahtevek podizvajalca. Delo tako poskuša podati odgovor na vprašanje podizvajalcev, ali in kako bodo, kljub stečajnemu postopku glavnega izvajalca, prišli do poplačila.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:podjemna pogodba, načelo relativnosti obligacijskih razmerij, podizvajalec, glavni izvajalec, naročnik, neposredni zahtevek podizvajalca, insolventnost, stečajni postopek
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Organization:PF - Faculty of Law
Year:2018
COBISS.SI-ID:16043345 Link is opened in a new window
Views:1000
Downloads:435
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Direct claims of the subcontractor against the principal
Abstract:
The thesis addresses direct claims of the subcontractor against the principal and contentious issues related to it, especially the content of some required conditions, legal form and the effects of insolvency proceedings on the direct claims of the subcontractor. Direct claims of the subcontractor against the principal have gained attention only during the latest economic crisis, when subcontractors were facing difficulties in obtaining payments, although there was no reasonable grounds for it. The provision is an important exception to the general rule of relativity of contracts. Provided certain conditions are met, it gives subcontractors the right to claim their payments directly from the principal, even though there is no contractual relationship between the two. The first part of the thesis focuses on when the required conditions are met. The next issue in question is the legal form, where different theoretical and case law approaches exist. The majority opinion on it is that the direct claim is an assignment of a claim under the law, where the enforcement of the direct action against the principal causes the claim towards the principal to transfer from the main contractor's assets to subcontractor's assets. The last part of the thesis focuses on a repeatedly asked question of the effects of insolvency proceedings against the main contractor on the direct claims of the subcontractor. Controversial is especially the effect of the bankruptcy proceeding. Based on the results of previous chapters, the thesis looks for answers on if and on what legal grounds will the subcontractor obtain the payment despite the bankruptcy proceeding against the main contractor.

Keywords:work contract, the principle of relativity of obligations, subcontractor, main contractor, principal, direct claim of the subcontractor against the principal, insolvency, bankruptcy proceeding

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