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Razvoj sistema zagotavljanja kakovosti pri izgradnji prometnih infrastrukturnih objektov za primer asfaltov : magistrsko delo
Henigman, Slovenko (Avtor), Šelih, Jana (Mentor) Več o mentorju... Povezava se odpre v novem oknu, Žura, Marijan (Komentor), Lipar, Peter (Član komisije za zagovor), Žmavc, Janez (Član komisije za zagovor)

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Izvleček
Prometna infrastruktura zajema cestno in železniško infrastrukturo ter infrastrukturo letališč in pristanišč. Izgradnja, vzdrževanje in upravljanje prometne infrastrukture je ena od pomembnejših nalog vsake države za omogočanje mobilnosti ljudi in blaga. Prometna infrastruktura v Sloveniji je predvsem po zaslugi izgradnje avtocest dobro razvita, kot država na stičišču prometnih poti bodo naši prometni sistemi močno obremenjeni tudi v prihodnje. Navedeno je potrebno izkoristiti tudi v gospodarskem smislu z razvojem transportnih dejavnosti in logistike. V nalogi je prikazan sistem zagotavljanja in kontrole kakovosti, ki je bil razvit v času izgradenj slovenskih avtocest v obdobju 1995 do 2010. Opisana je tehnična regulativa sistema zagotavljanja in kontrole kakovosti, inštitucije in strokovna telesa za izdelavo tehničnih specifikacij ter organizacijska struktura sistema zagotavljanja in kontrole kakovosti. Na osnovi opisanega je izdelana kritična analiza sistema, pri čemer je kot primer dobre prakse predstavljen asfalt kot gradbeni proizvod. V Sloveniji imamo vzpostavljene potrebne inštitucije za vzpostavitev uspešnega sistema, vendar vse ne opravljajo del, za katere so bile ustanovljene. Največja težava se kaže pri izdelavi tehničnih smernic, vključno s popisi del, ki bi jih bilo potrebno izdelovati tako po Zakonu o graditvi objektov kot po sektorskih zakonih kot je npr. Zakon o cestah. Prav tako je potreben skrbnik celotnega sistema, ki je lahko Ministrstvo za infrastrukturo ali Inženir DRI upravljanje investicij, d.o.o., ki je to vlogo v preteklosti že opravljal. V zadnjih letih so se strukture na področju prometne infrastrukture v državi reorganizirale. Vzpostavljeno je Ministrstvo za infrastrukturo, v sestavi katerega je organiziran Direktorat za infrastrukturo. Poleg DARS-a je vzpostavljen še drugi velik naročnik, DRSI, ki je zadolžen za državne ceste in železnice. DRI upravljanje investicij, d.o.o. je v dogovoru z državo postal inženir za večino državnih projektov. Vse navedeno kliče po temu, da se ponovno vzpostavi sistem zagotavljanja in kontrole kakovosti, ki bo preko strokovnih komisij in koordinacije vseh akterjev v investicijskem procesu zagotavljal povezovanje in komunikacijo, ter poskrbel za izdelavo tehničnih dokumentov kot so, pravilniki, tehnične smernice, navodila, opomniki in popisi del, ki so ključni za kakovostno in transparentno realizacijo projektov. DRC, Družba za raziskave v cestni in prometni stroki Slovenije, d.o.o., ki je bila s tem namenom ustanovljena po vzoru inštitucij iz sosednjih držav, tega dela ne opravlja. Potrebno je odpreti razpravo na to temo in vzpostaviti delovanje. Naloga je pripomoček k tej razpravi in doseganju končnega cilja, to je vzpostavitve sistema zagotavljanja in kontrole kakovosti ter izdelave tehnične regulative za celotno področje prometne infrastrukture.

Jezik:Slovenski jezik
Ključne besede:gradbeništvo, magistrska dela, zagotavljanje in kontrola kakovosti, tehnične specifikacije, smernice, standardi, asfaltne zmesi, prometna infrastruktura
Vrsta gradiva:Magistrsko delo (m2)
Tipologija:2.09 - Magistrsko delo
Organizacija:FGG - Fakulteta za gradbeništvo in geodezijo
Leto izida:2016
Založnik:[S. Henigman]
Št. strani:92 str., 3 pril.
UDK:665.775.4:656.1(497.4)(043)
COBISS.SI-ID:7740257 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
Število ogledov:328
Število prenosov:127
Metapodatki:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
 
Skupna ocena:(0 glasov)
Vaša ocena:Ocenjevanje je dovoljeno samo prijavljenim uporabnikom.
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Sekundarni jezik

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Naslov:Development of quality assurance system for building of traffic infrastructure projects on the example of asphalt
Izvleček:
Transport infrastructure covers road, rail infrastructure, infrastructure of airports and ports. The construction, maintenance and management of transport infrastructure is one of the most important tasks of each country to facilitate the mobility of people and goods. Transport infrastructure in Slovenia is mainly due to the construction of highways between 1995 and 2010, well developed. As a country at the crossroads of transport routes our transport systems will be heavily loaded also in the future. That needs to be used also in economic terms, the development of transport and logistics activities. In the thesis the system of quality assurance and quality control is displayed, which was developed during the time of construction of slovenian motorways in the period 1995 to 2010. The technical regulations of the system of quality assurance and quality control, institutions and professional bodies to produce technical specifications, and the organisational structure of the quality assurance system and quality control are described. On the basis of the parameters described above a critical analysis of the system is made, taking the asphalt as a construction product as an example of good practice. In Slovenia the necessary institutions for the establishment of a successful system have been established, but all of them do not carry out all of the assignments for which they were established. The biggest problem is reflected in the production of technical guidelines, including the scopes of works, which would have been necessary to produce according to the Law on the construction of the facilities as well as under the sectoral laws, e.g. the Law on the Roads. It also requires the administrator of the entire system, which may be the Ministry for Infrastructure or the Engineer DRI Investment Management,LtD., who has provided this role already in the past. In the recent years, the structures in the area of transport infrastructure in the country have been reorganized. The Ministry of infrastructure has been established, in the composition of which is also the Directorate for infrastructure. In addition to DARS a second large client DRSI- is established, which is responsible for state roads and railways. DRI Investment Management, LtD. became in agreement with the state an Engineer for most state projects. All this calls for the re-establishment of the system of quality assurance and quality control, that will assure connectivity and communication, through the expert commissions and the coordination of all actors in the investment process providing the production of technical documents such as policies, technical guidance, instructions, reminders, and inventories of acivities that are of key importance for high-quality and transparent realization of projects. DRC, Road and Transportation Research Association of Slovenia, LtD., that has been established for that purpose, modeled on institutions in the neighbouring countries, does not perform these activities. It is necessary to open a debate on this topic and to establish the operation. The thesis is a support to this debate and the achievement of the final goal: establishment of a system of quality assurance and quality control and production of technical regulation for the whole area of transport infrastructure.

Ključne besede:civil engineering, master of science thesis, quality asurance and quality control, technical specifications, gidelines, standards, asphalt mixtures, traffic infrastructure

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